Ultrasound is a powerful form of energy, could be used for minimally invasive or noninvasive acoustic treatment of a variety of cardiovascular diseases.
Ultrasound can be considered a mechanical wave for both clinical diagnostics and therapeutic purposes based on its good penetrability and directivity while spreading in solid organs or tissues without any ionizing radiation. As a powerful form of energy, ultrasound, is used for deep-tissue therapy with different sonication parameters.
The feasibility of minimally invasive or noninvasive acoustic treatment of a variety of diseases, such as hypertension, arrhythmia, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, and myocardial infarction, is being explored in animal experiments and clinical trials. In this review, we summarize the biomedical effects of acoustic intervention in experimental and clinical studies, current challenges, and the potential of ultrasound for cardiovascular disease therapy.