About My Health Careers Internship MedBlogs Contact us

Uganda’s Borders and Lakes Have High Risk of Cholera Outbreaks

by Sam John Xavier on December 29, 2017 at 4:02 PM
Font : A-A+

Uganda’s Borders and Lakes Have High Risk of Cholera Outbreaks

Cholera is a disease that keeps on spreading in Uganda on a large scale, despite the measures taken to prevent it. Though the African nation has taken steps to detect, treat and prevent cholera by incorporating science and technology, there seems to be no end to it. The journal published by Public Library Of Science (PLOS), called Neglected Tropical Diseases, have found out the areas where the risk of getting affected by it is really high than other parts of the African nation.

Cholera, caused by ingestion of food or water contaminated with the bacterium Vibrio cholerae O1 or O139, is estimated to infect up to 4 million people a year worldwide, and lead to tens of thousands of deaths. In sub-Saharan Africa, the fatality rate is more than 2 percent.


Epidemics have occurred in Uganda regularly since 1971 and a number of preventive and control measures are currently in place.

In the new work, Mohammad Ali, of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, and colleagues studied district level cholera outbreak data collected by Uganda's Ministry of Health and spanning 2011 through 2016.

In addition, existing data-sets on population, rainfall, water, sanitation, and hygiene were used. The group identified cholera hot-spots as districts whose center fell within a significantly high risk cluster of cases or where a cluster was completely superimposed onto a district.

The group identified 22 districts at high risk of cholera out of 112 districts total which reported cholera outbreaks during the study period. 13 of the districts were near the border of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), and 9 were near a border of Kenya.

The risk of getting affected by cholera in these hotspots ranged from 2 to 22 times higher than elsewhere in the country. A short distance to the DRC or Kenya border, proximity to internationally shared lakes and river Nile, and higher annual rainfall in a district were all associated with the risk of having cholera in the district.

"The findings of our study could be used as a guide to strengthen the cholera control program in Uganda," the researchers say. "Since a majority of the hotspot districts are near the DRC or Kenya border, it suggests that close collaboration with these countries would be an effective strategy for controlling cholera in that part of the world."

Source: Eurekalert

News A-Z
News Category
What's New on Medindia
International Day of Persons with Disabilities 2021 - Fighting for Rights in the Post-COVID Era
Effect of Blood Group Type on COVID-19 Risk and Severity
Woman with Rare Spinal Cord Defect from Birth Sues Doctor
View all

Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

More News on:
Cholera Water Borne Diseases Amoebic Dysentery 

Recommended Reading
The Saga of Cholera Epidemic in Yemen
Yemen has been hit by one of the world's worst cholera epidemics, in particular since April 2017....
Death Toll Due To Cholera Outbreak Climbs in East and Southern Africa
In 12 of 21 countries of Eastern and Southern Africa Region, 104,095 cholera cases and 1562 deaths ....
New Rulebook Estimates the Posing Risk of Cholera
A new rulebook traces the travels of cholera epidemic and warns of an upcoming epidemic....
Cholera Vaccine Less Effective For Children Below 5 Years
The standard two-dose cholera vaccine regimen reduces the risk of cholera in adults by 58 percent, ....
Amoebic Dysentery
Amoebic dysentery or amoebiasis is an infection of the intestine that causes diarrhoea most frequent...
Cholera is an infection of the small intestine and is caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae....

Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician for medical diagnosis and treatment. Full Disclaimer

© All Rights Reserved 1997 - 2021

This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use