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Traffic-Related Air Pollution Increases Asthma Risk in Children

by Shirley Johanna on November 18, 2016 at 11:46 PM
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Traffic-Related Air Pollution Increases Asthma Risk in Children

Exposure to traffic-related air pollution (TRAP) is associated with increased allergic inflammation in children.

The exposure is associated with increased plasma levels of interleukin 31 (IL-31), a cytokine that promotes allergic inflammation.

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In the article, Franziska Rosser, co-authors of the study, compared the blood levels of cytokines - signaling chemicals produced by the immune system that can stimulate inflammation - in children with and without asthma.

Children living in closer proximity to a major road had higher levels of some cytokines that regulate immune responses and inflammation known to have a role in asthma.

"Exposure to traffic-related air pollution has been associated with increased prevalence of new onset asthma in children and exacerbations in children with pre-existing asthma," she said. The study published in Pediatric Allergy and Immunology Journal.

Source: ANI
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