A study by Jonathan Graff and colleagues, reported in EMBO, has revealed that the enzyme TPPII may contribute to obesity by stimulating the formation of fat cells. It has previously been linked to making people feel hungry but now it has been shown that it may be even more deeply involved in causing obesity. The team found that TPPII actually stimulated the formation of fat cells in worms and mammalian cells and that by reducing it, fat stores decreased. Mice with lower levels of TPPII were thinner than their wild type littermates, although their food intake was comparable. The authors hope that TPPII could be exploited as a drug target to help fight increasing levels of obesity; inhibiting the enzyme would both increase feelings of fullness after eating and decrease build up of fat cells. Around 40 million Americans are obese and the UK Government predicts that 12 million adults in the UK will be obese by 2010 if nothing is done. Obesity is responsible for 70% of cardiovascular diseases and 80% of type II diabetes and represents a serious health risk and financial drain. Source: EurekalertGAN/C << Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy Successful in Treating Chronic Tra... IDND to Enhance Dementia Care >> Recommended Reading Obesity Obesity is a condition where there is excess accumulation of body fat which poses a risk to the health of the individual. It can affect children and adults. READ MORE Scientists Identify "master Switch" for Brown Fat in Mice Scientists have identified a "master switch" for the production of brown fat, a type of adipose tissue that generates heat and counters obesity caused by overeating, by conducting READ MORE Common Cold Virus may Contribute to Obesity: Study A common virus that causes colds can be a factor in obesity, according to a study released Monday offering further evidence that a weight problem may be contagious. READ MORE Bulimia Nervosa The term ''Bulimia'' refers to episodes of uncontrolled excessive eating, known as "binges," followed by self-induced vomiting or purgation. READ MORE Food Preservatives - How Safe Are They? Food preservatives are basically antimicrobials or anti-oxidants that help preserve food by destroying the microbes and stopping decomposition of food products. READ MORE Liposuction Liposuction is a cosmetic procedure, which is used to suck out the excess or abnormal fat deposition to give a well-contoured shapely look. READ MORE Most Popular on Medindia Find a Hospital Loram (2 mg) (Lorazepam) Blood Donation - Recipients More News on: Bariatric SurgeryObesityBulimia NervosaLiposuctionFood Preservatives - How Safe Are They?