About My Health Careers Internship MedBlogs Contact us
Medindia LOGIN REGISTER
Advertisement

Tooth Pain Eased by Adding Sugar Alcohol to Dental Anesthesia

by Kathy Jones on December 26, 2011 at 8:36 PM
Font : A-A+

 Tooth Pain Eased by Adding Sugar Alcohol to Dental Anesthesia

Doctors have found that mixing dental anesthesia with mannitol, a simple sugar alcohol, greatly helps in numbing the dental-drilling pain.

Mannitol apparently helps to open the membrane that protects nerve fibres under the tooth, allowing the anaesthesia to seep in. It helped reduce the pain of 40 subjects who were otherwise unfortunate enough to need three dental appointments to fix their teeth.

Advertisement

Best of all, mannitol, which is nearly identical to the sweetener sorbitol, is a safe and natural chemical found in fruits and vegetables and quickly passes through the body, LiveScience reported.

The most common anaesthetic injection for basic dental work, such as fillings for molars, is the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) block. The standard injection in the United States contains lidocaine and epinephrine.
Advertisement

Lidocaine is the anaesthetic part, epinephrine is a vasoconstrictor that slows the absorption of lidocaine into the bloodstream, allowing it to linger around the tooth nerves for longer.

The term novocaine often is used generically for dental anesthetics, but Novocaine, with a capital N, is technically the trade name for procaine, an anaesthetic first synthesized in 1905 and not commonly used today.

In this study conducted by dental researchers from Ohio State University, 40 patients randomly received a different IAN block during three related visits to the dentist. One IAN block was the standard lidocaine-epinephrine mix, another was this plus about a millilitre of mannitol, and another was a higher volume of the lidocaine-epinephrine mix with the millilitre of mannitol.

Anything with mannitol lowered the pain sensation among patients. The mixture with a higher volume of lidocaine and epinephrine worked the best, although the pain relief wasn't uniform across the teeth, the subject for further investigation.

Lidocaine can cause dizziness, headaches, blurry vision and other adverse affects at concentrations higher than what was used in this study. Nevertheless, mannitol may allow dentists to use less lidocaine for even better results.

The study has been published in the journal Anesthesia Progress.

Source: ANI
Advertisement

Advertisement
News A-Z
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Advertisement
News Category
What's New on Medindia
Coffee May Help You Fight Endometrial Cancer
Fermented Skin Care
Television Binge-Watching May Boost the Risk of Deadly Blood Clots
View all

Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

More News on:
Alcoholic Liver Disease Dental Anesthesia Loose Teeth Tooth Decay Tooth Discoloration Anaesthesia - History Alcoholism Cannabis Teeth Chart Drug Abuse 

Recommended Reading
Toothache
A toothache is a pain in or around a tooth that occurs due to various reasons that irritate the ......
Tooth Discoloration
Tooth discoloration or staining is caused commonly due to smoking, some medicines and poor dental .....
Alcoholic Liver Disease
Encyclopedia section of medindia gives general information about Alcoholic Liver Disease....
Alcoholism
Alcohol use disorder or alcoholism is an inability to control drinking. It can cause short term and ...
Anaesthesia - History
valuable information regarding the recent developments in the field of anesthesia ...
Cannabis
Cannabis has a long history of medicinal, recreational, and industrial use and comes from a bushy pl...
Dental Anesthesia
The advent of anesthesia may be regarded as a cornerstone in the development of modern dentistry....
Drug Abuse
The use of Drugs for reasons other than its prescribed recommendation, is known as Drug abuse or sub...
Loose Teeth
Looseness of teeth is caused by a disease of the periodontium and includes the tissues surrounding t...
Tooth Decay
Tooth decay in toddlers, children and adults, also called dental caries, is a bacterial infection ca...

Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician for medical diagnosis and treatment. Full Disclaimer

© All Rights Reserved 1997 - 2022

This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use
open close
CONSULT A DOCTOR
I have read and I do accept terms of use - Telemedicine

Advantage Medindia: FREE subscription for 'Personalised Health & Wellness website with consultation' (Value Rs.300/-)