Many researchers believe that we store information in our brain as scripts
We remember the kinds of activities that are part of that event, for example going to a restaurant may involve ordering food, eating food, and paying for the meal.
But how do you understand the story when you don't even know the scripts?
It was found that the children with language impairments often were only able to retell one key piece of information related to the story, a very surprising result as research on children without language impairments shows children as young as three-years-old can comprehend and retell basic scripts.
"This research indicates that we need to talk more with our children about what we are doing in daily situations because children with language impairments often need more experiences before they will understand and remember scripts," says University of Alberta researcher Denyse Hayward. "When reading stories to children, it is important to discover if the child understands the script component, and if not then discuss and describe that for the child. This will lead to not only better understanding of stories, but greater enjoyment of stories."