A small link has been identified between exposure to anesthesia for surgery before the age 4 with slightly lower school grades at age 16 and slightly lower IQ scores at 18, states study published in JAMA Pediatrics. Pia Glatz, M.D., of the Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden, and coauthors conducted a nationwide study of more than 2 million children born in Sweden from 1973 through 1993 by using a variety of national health care databases, school achievement registries, and the military conscription register. The main study group included 33,514 children who had one surgery and exposure to anesthesia before the age of 4 and then no subsequent surgery or hospitalization until the age of 16, along with 159,619 comparable children who had not had surgery or been exposed to anesthesia before the age of 16. Another group of 3,640 children with multiple surgical procedures also was studied. ‘Among children with multiple surgical procedures before the age of 4, those with two exposures to anesthesia had 1.41 percent lower average school grades and those children with three or more anesthesia exposures had 1.82 percent lower average school grades,’ In the main study group, exposure to anesthesia for surgery before the age of 4 was associated with an average difference of 0.41 percent lower school grades and 0.97 percent lower IQ test scores. There was no difference in schools grades with one exposure to anesthesia for surgery before the age of 6 months, between 7 to 12 months, between 13 to 24 months or between 25 to 36 months, according to the results. The authors note the study is unable to disentangle the potential effects of anesthesia, the influence of perioperative management, the influence of surgery or its underlying cause. "While more vulnerable subgroups of children may exist, the low overall difference in academic performance after childhood exposure to surgery is reassuring. These findings should be interpreted in light of potential adverse effects of postponing surgery," the authors conclude.Source: Eurekalert << Alzheimer’s Disease Caregivers To Get Telemedicine Training Report Outlines Opportunities, Challenges for Kidney Health... >> Recommended Reading Quiz on Anesthesia The discovery of anesthesia has resulted in surgeries becoming painless and a much more pleasant experience. Test your knowledge on anesthesia by taking this ... READ MORE Friendship Creates an Impact in Academic, Student Life Friends can act both as resources and liabilities in an individual's academic achievement and also continue to be so even after college life. READ MORE Schoolchildren Exposed to Arsenic in Well Water Have Lower IQ Scores: Study At Columbia University, study by researchers reports that schoolchildren from three school districts in Maine exposed to arsenic in drinking water experienced declines in child intelligence. READ MORE Anaesthesia - History valuable information regarding the recent developments in the field of anesthesia READ MORE Anaesthesia - History and Origins Anaesthesia has come a long way since the days of chloroform. It is much more safe today than it was a long time ago. READ MORE Dental Anesthesia The advent of anesthesia may be regarded as a cornerstone in the development of modern dentistry. READ MORE General Anesthesia General anesthesia is treatment with medications that induce a state of deep sleep and unconsciousness in the patient in order to be pain free during surgery. READ MORE Local Anesthesia Local anesthesia is a type of anesthesia generally used to block pain sensation only in a specific area of the body that needs to be anesthestized. READ MORE Multitasking: Good or Bad for Your Brain? Is multitasking good when your brain frantically switches between tasks or does it slow down the brain processes causing changes in brain structure? Learn what happens to the brain when you multitask. READ MORE Spinal and Epidural Anesthesia Spinal anesthesia and epidural anesthesia are types of regional anesthesia in which when a drug is injected near the spinal cord, it numbs the whole area below the level of injection and thereby provides adequate pain relief for surgeries. READ MORE Most Popular on Medindia Hearing Loss Calculator Post-Nasal Drip Sinopril (2mg) (Lacidipine) More News on: Dental AnesthesiaSpinal and Epidural AnesthesiaLocal AnesthesiaGeneral AnesthesiaAnaesthesia - HistoryAnaesthesia - History and OriginsPost operative ComplicationsMultitasking: Good or Bad for Your Brain?