A woman in Kerala succumbed to the injuries because of a dog bite and could not be cured despite undergoing treatment. The Supreme Court has directed the Kerala government to pay Rs. 40,000 to her husband, Jose Sabastin.
Noting that unless an ex-gratia amount was paid, the victim's family was not in a position to sustain itself, the bench of Justice Dipak Misra and Justice Shiva Kirti Singh said, "We think it apt to direct Kerala to pay a sum of Rs. 40,000 to the applicant (Sabastin) within four weeks."
The court was told that Sabastin, who has two children, was working as a bus driver and his wife was working in the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MNREGS).
"Any person intending to avail this kind of remedy has to move the committee and not directly come to this court or move the high court," the court said in its order.
Counsel V.K. Biju, appearing for Sabastin, said that the applicant's wife succumbed to the injuries because of the dog bite and could not be cured despite undergoing treatment. Biju told the court that because of inadequate action by the state, the number of victims has risen in Kerala and also led to a 'catastrophe', for the deaths ruined the families.
Addressing the issue of menace caused by dogs and remedies for the victims, the court set up a three-member fact finding committee comprising a former judge of the Kerala High Court, Justice Siri Jaga, the law secretary, law department and director of health services of Kerala.
"The committee," the court said, "shall entertain the complaints with regard to the injuries sustained by people in dog bites, the nature and gravity of the injury, availability of medicines and the treatment administered to them, the failure of treatment and its cure and in case of unfortunate death, the particulars of the deceased and the reasons behind the same".
"The committee," the court said, "shall also identify the centers/hospitals where the anti-rabies vaccines are available free of charge".
The court said that on the basis of the facts recorded by the committee in each case, it would be in a position to think of granting compensation or making certain arrangements.