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Study Sheds Light on Delayed Arrival of TB-fighting T Cells

by Kathy Jones on June 15, 2010 at 8:17 PM
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 Study Sheds Light on Delayed Arrival of TB-fighting T Cells

In mice, the outcome of tuberculosis infection is influenced by how quickly bacteria-fighting T cells can get to the lungs.

According to a new study that will appear online on June 14th in the Journal of Experimental Medicine (www.jem.org), another group of T cells delays their arrival.

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Previous research has shown that ridding the body of the hindering T cells—known as regulatory T cells—enhances the body's ability to fight off TB-causing bacteria. But exactly when and where regulatory T cells act was uncertain. The new study shows that these cells are activated at the same time and place as their bacteria-fighting "effector" cell counterparts. In response to infection, both populations expand in the lymph nodes that drain the lung. As a result, fewer effector T cells become activated and are dispatched to the lungs to fight the bug.

Others have shown that the most deadly strains of TB generate the most regulatory T cells, suggesting that this may be a tactic used by the bacteria to sidestep immune attack. Whether clinicians can devise a strategy to interfere with these troublesome cells in humans remains to be seen.



Source: Eurekalert
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