About My Health Careers Internship MedBlogs Contact us
Medindia LOGIN REGISTER
Advertisement

Study Says Cerebral Malaria Could Cause Brain Injury in Kids

by Rajashri on July 31, 2008 at 4:01 PM
Font : A-A+

 Study Says Cerebral Malaria Could Cause Brain Injury in Kids

Researchers at the University of Minnesota have linked cerebral malaria to long-term cognitive impairment in one of four African kids.

Malaria is a leading cause of death for kids in sub-Saharan Africa and cerebral malaria, which affects more than 750,000 children a year, is one of the deadliest forms of the disease.

Advertisement

It only takes one bite from an infected mosquito to contract the disease that directly affects the brain, causing fever, vomiting, chills, and coma.

"Children with cerebral malaria recover quite dramatically if they survive the period of coma," said Chandy John, M.D., associate professor of pediatrics at the University of Minnesota and principal investigator of the study.
Advertisement

"But before this study, no one had prospectively assessed what happened to their thinking in the years after they had the cerebral malaria episode," John added.

For the study, John and colleagues evaluated cognitive function in children 5-12 years old with cerebral malaria who had been admitted to the Mulago Hospital, Kampala, Uganda.

The kids were evaluated for cognitive function in three major areas: attention, working memory, and tactile learning.

Evaluation was done at hospitalisation, six months after the initial malaria episode, and two years after the episode.

Researchers found that at six months, 21 percent of children with cerebral malaria had cognitive impairment compared with 6 percent of their healthy Ugandan peers.

At two years, cognitive impairment was present in 26 percent of the patients, compared with 8 percent of the community children.

These findings suggest that cognitive impairment may begin to manifest itself months after the initial episode.

Cognitive function was most dramatically impaired in the area of attention.

"The study has major public health implications. If 26 percent of children with cerebral malaria have long-term cognitive impairment, which means more than 200,000 children a year may have significant long-term brain injury because of cerebral malaria," John said.

Now, researchers are conducting a new study in Uganda to look at how the body's response to malaria infection may be leading to brain injury.

"If we can determine what is causing the brain injury, we can design and test interventions to prevent the injury," John said.

The study is published in the current issue of the journal Paediatrics.

Source: ANI
RAS/L
Advertisement

Advertisement
News A-Z
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Advertisement
News Category
What's New on Medindia
Effect of Blood Group Type on COVID-19 Risk and Severity
Woman with Rare Spinal Cord Defect from Birth Sues Doctor
Toothache
View all

Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

More News on:
Athletes Foot Parkinsons Disease Malaria-water Malaria Mosquito Diseases Parkinsons Disease Surgical Treatment Head Injury Height and Weight-Kids Brain Brain Facts 

Recommended Reading
Malaria - Waterborne
Encyclopedia section of medindia gives general information about About Malaria Causes...
Waterborne Disease - Animation
Interactive section of Medindia gives details regarding waterborne disease...
US Triples Fund for Poorest Countries to Fight AIDS, Malaria, TB
US President George W. Bush on Wednesday signed legislation tripling funds to fight the killer ......
Athletes Foot
Athlete’s foot (tinea pedis/ringworm of the foot) is a fungal infection of the feet....
Head Injury
Head injury or traumatic brain injury is a leading cause of disability among children and young adul...
Malaria
Malaria is caused by a parasite that enters blood through the bite of an infected mosquito. It is ch...
Mosquito Diseases
Mosquito-borne diseases, like malaria, filaria, dengue, etc are common in places conducive of mosqu...
Parkinsons Disease
Parkinson’s disease is a neurodegenerative disease caused by progressive dopamine brain cells loss. ...

Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician for medical diagnosis and treatment. Full Disclaimer

© All Rights Reserved 1997 - 2021

This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use