About My Health Careers Internship MedBlogs Contact us
Medindia
LOGIN REGISTER
Advertisement

Socioeconomic Deprivation Ups Chronic Kidney Disease Risk in England

by Adeline Dorcas on April 24, 2019 at 3:59 PM
Font : A-A+

Socioeconomic Deprivation Ups Chronic Kidney Disease Risk in England

Socioeconomic deprivation can put people at a higher risk of developing chronic kidney disease (CKD), reports a new study.

The George Institute for Global Health at the University of Oxford investigated whether there was an association between socioeconomic deprivation (measured using the English Index of Multiple Deprivation combining income, employment, health and disability, education, skills and training, barriers to housing and services, crime, and living environment, into a single score by geographical area) and onset of advanced CKD and related outcomes, specifically end-stage renal disease (ESRD).

Advertisement


They found that adjusting for known risk factors for CKD development, such as body mass index, high blood pressure, diabetes and cardiovascular disease, reduced the risk of CKD amongst the most deprived group (indexed as the bottom 20% of the population) as against the least deprived group (top 20%) by 32 percent, but the disadvantage remained marked at 36 percent.

"CKD is generally associated with old age, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and high blood pressure. Using contemporary NHS data, we were able to directly explore the relationship between socioeconomic deprivation and risk of advanced CKD and ESRD, and our findings bear relevance to the 2.6 million people in England currently living with CKD", said Dr Misghina Weldegiorgis, Epidemiologist at The George Institute, who led the research using participants in the Clinical Practice Research Datalink.
Advertisement

Socioeconomic deprivation adversely influences the development of CKD and progression to ESRD by exacerbating these established risk factors. So too, deprived patients may have poorer access to high-quality care and treatments, including kidney transplantation, which improves survival, than more advantaged peers.

"The good news for clinicians is that the greater risk of developing advanced CKD experienced by the most socioeconomically deprived may be modifiable by established risk factors. Appropriate management of these is crucial to delay the progression of CKD to ESRD and so improve patients' quality of life and survival, irrespective of their socioeconomic status".

"However, wider systemic change beyond healthcare will be required if the general population is to experience the risk of CKD equitably, regardless of their socioeconomic status," added Weldegiorgis.

CKD is a long-term, irreversible condition where the kidneys do not work as well as they should to 'clean the blood,' and makes individuals more susceptible to worsened kidney functioning at times when they may be unwell for other reasons. Those with advanced CKD have an increased risk of hospital admission and death.

The research team recommend that interventions be tailored to engage socioeconomically deprived groups through targeted communication to improve screening and treatment rates; close follow-up of patients following diagnosis; and targeted public health education to reduce behavioural risk factors.

Source: Eurekalert
Advertisement

Advertisement
News A-Z
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
News Category
What's New on Medindia
Emotional Healing
Psychosis Risk Related to Cat Parasite
Sedentary Behavior Precipitates Night-Time Hot Flashes
View all

Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

More News on:
Chronic Renal Failure Glomerulonephritis Urinary Stones In Children Vesico-Ureteric Reflux Causing UTI in Children Hydronephrosis / Antenatal Counseling Kidney Disease Kidney Kidney Health Stones in Urinary Tract Renal Tubular Acidosis 

Recommended Reading
Health Disparities
Health disparity refers to differences in providing treatment or access to healthcare facilities ......
Diabetes And Obesity Common In Socioeconomically Deprived Regions
Residing in a socioeconomically deprived region could increase your risk of being affected by ......
Racial Disparities Exist in Kidney Transplants
Yale researchers found significant racial disparities among patients awaiting kidney transplants....
New Evidence-based Care Benefits Patients With Acute Kidney Injury
New intervention designed to improve care for acute kidney injury (AKI) patients was linked to ......
Chronic Renal Failure
Chronic renal failure or chronic kidney disease is progressive loss in kidney function. The change i...
Glomerulonephritis
Glomerulonephritis is used to describe several kidney disease that damage the glomeruli. Glomerulone...
Hydronephrosis / Antenatal Counseling
Currently most pregnant women undergo one or two ultrasound scans during their pregnancy....
Renal Tubular Acidosis
Renal tubular acidosis/RTA results in acid content of the blood being higher than normal and that of...
Stones in Urinary Tract
Ask people who have suffered from urinary stones and they will tell you how excruciating the pain ca...
Urinary Stones In Children
There is a wide misconception that only adults develop stones. On the contrary kidney stones are ver...
Vesico-Ureteric Reflux Causing UTI in Children
Bacterial infection of urinary bladder can cause pain and burning sensation while passing urine. Abn...

Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician for medical diagnosis and treatment. Full Disclaimer

© All Rights Reserved 1997 - 2021

This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use