About Careers Internship MedBlog Contact us
Medindia LOGIN REGISTER
Advertisement

Smoking can Lead to Decrease in Life Expectancy in Less Educated Women

by Rishika Gupta on December 13, 2017 at 10:52 AM
Smoking can Lead to Decrease in Life Expectancy in Less Educated Women

Life expectancy of women who have received a basic compulsory level of schooling has shown a decrease in their expectancy due to the habit of smoking. Smoking and its influence on economic and social resources are being explained in the Journal of Health Equity Studies.

"Life expectancy has stayed level in the last 20-30 years for women with only a compulsory schooling in Sweden, but it's increased for other social groups. A big piece of this puzzle is smoking," says Olof ÷stergren, sociology researcher at Stockholm University.

Advertisement


The study is based on data from the registries of causes of death and education for all Swedes who were 30-74 years old between 1991 and 2008. The research shows that inequality in longevity between different groups have increased among women during this period.

The statistics show that anticipated life expectancy among women with only a primary education increased a little over a month between 1991 and 2008, while the comparable number of university educated women were five months. Not counting deaths attributable to smoking, the former group's life expectancy increased to four months and the latter's to just over five months.
Advertisement

"The differences may seem small, but when it's about anticipated life expectancy, these numbers are dramatic. Deaths from smoking are three times more common among women with a compulsory education versus university educated ones," says Olof ÷stergren.

"Despite ambitious welfare policies, the social health disparities are not smaller in Sweden than in other countries, and these disparities are increasing more rapidly in Sweden than internationally. Alcohol consumption and smoking have been highlighted as contributing factors to these issues. My research backs up this picture," says Olof ÷stergren. "Deaths from smoking in Sweden has decreased among men and increased among women, particularly those with compulsory schooling. One possible explanation as to why men are less harmed by tobacco is snus. Snus isn't as dangerous as smoking, and it's much more common among men than women."

"Earlier research has shown that people in stressful life situations have a harder time stopping health-endangering habits like smoking. This is partly because fewer of them try to quit and partly because people with fewer economic and social resources have a smaller chance of breaking the habit," says Olof ÷stergren.

A stressful life situation can also make the body more susceptible to the damaging effects of tobacco and alcohol. This means that differences in mortality depend both on behavioral differences and social and economic differences.

On the other side, education provides access to a better work environment, higher status in the job market, more control over the work situation and higher income. The dissertation also shows that education is particularly important for health of those with low incomes.

"The theory behind this is that the fewer economic resources a person has, the more important the way that they spend the resources becomes. Education promotes effectiveness and the proper handling of resources, and that means that higher education groups can use all of their means to improve health. That's why education is particularly important for those with low incomes. Education is always good for health," says Olof ÷stergren.

Source: Eurekalert
Font : A-A+

Advertisement

Advertisement
Advertisement

Recommended Readings

Latest Women Health News

Cannabis as a Potential Solution for Menopause Symptom Management
Cannabis is marketed to women for managing menopause symptoms, and this shows midlife women are using it for menopause and related issues.
Reduced Sleep & Activity During Pregnancy Linked to Premature Birth Risk
A higher risk of preterm birth was found to be associated with inadequate sleep and lower physical activity during pregnancy.
Birth Control Pill Pause-Period Steers Mood Dips in Women
During the 7 pill-free days in contraception, women experience anxiety and mental issues similar to menstrual mood swings.
No Link Found Between Four Novel Receptors in Endometrial Cancer and PCOS
In the new study, it remains uncertain if the increased expression of the IGF1 gene in PCOS plays a role in elevating the risk of endometrial cancer.
Obese Women are Prone To Higher Menopause Symptoms
Obese women experience increased severity of menopausal symptoms and reduced effectiveness and relief from hormonal therapy.
View All
This site uses cookies to deliver our services.By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use  Ok, Got it. Close
MediBotMediBot
Greetings! How can I assist you?MediBot
×

Smoking can Lead to Decrease in Life Expectancy in Less Educated Women Personalised Printable Document (PDF)

Please complete this form and we'll send you a personalised information that is requested

You may use this for your own reference or forward it to your friends.

Please use the information prudently. If you are not a medical doctor please remember to consult your healthcare provider as this information is not a substitute for professional advice.

Name *

Email Address *

Country *

Areas of Interests