About My Health Careers Internship MedBlogs Contact us
Medindia LOGIN REGISTER
Advertisement

Respiratory Infection In Kids Linked To Prenatal Exposure To Traffic

by Dr. Enozia Vakil on May 26, 2013 at 11:09 PM
Font : A-A+

 Respiratory Infection In Kids Linked To Prenatal Exposure To Traffic

Exposure to traffic during the prenatal period may lead to an increased risk of respiratory infections in young children by the age of 3, a new study shows.

Lead author Mary Rice, MD, a pulmonary and critical care fellow at Massachusetts General Hospital and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston, said that their study extends previous findings by showing that proximity to a major roadway during the prenatal period is associated with increased risk of subsequent respiratory infection in children.

Advertisement

The study included 1,271 mother-child pairs enrolled during the first trimester of pregnancy between 1999 and 2002 in Project Viva in eastern Massachusetts.

The distance from home addresses to the nearest Federal class 1/2A ("major") roadway was calculated using geographic information system software.
Advertisement

Respiratory infections were defined as maternal report of any doctor-diagnosed pneumonia, bronchiolitis, croup or other respiratory infection from birth until age 3.

Statistical analyses of the relationship between exposure to a major roadway and respiratory infection were adjusted for gender, birth weight, maternal education, household income, neighborhood income and education, maternal smoking during pregnancy, postnatal household smoking, breastfeeding, daycare attendance, presence of other young children in the household and season of birth.

Of the 1,271 mother-child pairs studied, 6.4 percent lived less than 100 meters, 6.5 percent lived 100 to 200 meters, 33.7 percent lived 200 to less than 1000 meters and 53.4 percent lived 1,000 meters or more from a major roadway.

By the age of 3, 678 (53.3 percent) of the kids had at least one doctor-diagnosed respiratory infection.

After adjustment for possible confounders and risk factors for respiratory infection, children whose mothers lived less than 100 meters from a major roadway during pregnancy were 1.74 times as likely as those living 100 meters or more from a major roadway to have had a respiratory infection.

Those living 100 to 200 meters from a major roadway were 1.49 times as likely to have had a respiratory infection.

Source: ANI
Advertisement

Advertisement
News A-Z
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Advertisement
News Category
What's New on Medindia
Ultra-Low-Fat Diet
Goji Berries May Protect Against Age-Related Vision Loss
Tapping  A Proven Self-Applied Stress Intervention
View all

Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

More News on:
Acute Bronchitis Height and Weight-Kids Asbestosis Pregnancy and Antenatal Care Flu Bronchiolitis 

Recommended Reading
No Time to be Stuck in Traffic Jams
Cozete Gomes, former model-turned-business mogul owns eight companies and does not really have time ...
Early-life Traffic-related Air Pollution Exposure Linked to Hyperactivity: Research
According to new research, early-life exposure to traffic-related air pollution was significantly .....
New Software Developed to Eliminate Wireless Traffic
The wireless space is getting crowded. Bluetooth devices, Wi-Fi signals, ZigBee sensor nodes and ......
Acute Bronchitis
Acute bronchitis is a short term inflammation of the bronchi of lungs. It is usually caused by a ......
Asbestosis
Asbestosis is a chronic inflammatory lung disease that occurs due to long term exposure to asbestos ...
Bronchiolitis
Bronchiolitis is an acute lower respiratory infection, which is common among the children under 2 ye...
Pregnancy and Antenatal Care
What is Antenatal care and its importance during pregnancy for mother and baby, with details on the ...

Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician for medical diagnosis and treatment. Full Disclaimer

© All Rights Reserved 1997 - 2022

This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use
open close
CONSULT A DOCTOR
I have read and I do accept terms of use - Telemedicine

Advantage Medindia: FREE subscription for 'Personalised Health & Wellness website with consultation' (Value Rs.300/-)