A new study shows that India's birth rate has considerably declined in the
last two decades due in part to rising female literacy. However, experts have
warned against complacency in the country of 1.2 billion.
According to the official figures released on Monday, the Total Fertility Rate, which is the number of children an average woman will have in her lifetime, based on current trends has fallen to just 2.3 last year from 3.6 in 1991.
The report known as Sample Registration Survey says that improvements in female literacy were having "a direct impact on fertility". India is set to become the world's most populated country in the next decade and has been trying hard for decades to curb population growth.