Understanding the frequency of eye injuries and the associated likelihood of vision loss may help guide prevention efforts.
‘Even though a decrease in eye injuries cases has been observed in children, they continue to be prevalent in the United States, and so understanding these ups and downs in the case trends can help establish future prevention strategies.
Who and When:
More than 300,000 children up to age 17 who received care for an eye injury at an emergency department from 2006 to 2014.
What (Study Measures):
eye injury (exposure); changes over time in the incidence of eye injuries, the risk of vision loss and causes of eye injury to children (outcomes).
How (Study Design):
This was an observational study. Researchers were not intervening for purposes of the study and cannot control all the natural differences that could explain the study findings.
- Emergency department visits for eye injuries decreased 26.1% from 2006 to 2014; injuries commonly came from a hit to the eye.
- Most injuries had low risk for vision loss.
- Eye injuries cause by sports or household/domestic duties such as animal care increased; eye injuries related to motor vehicle crashes, guns and chemical or thermal burns decreased.
Data were gathered from emergency department billing data, which may not accurately indicate diagnosis codes.
This study demonstrated a decline in pediatric acute ocular injuries in the United States between 2006 and 2014. However, pediatric acute ocular injuries continue to be prevalent and understanding these trends can help establish future prevention strategies.