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Report on Cancer Incidence in Mumbai: Data of Samples Processed Over a Year Analysed

by Vishnuprasad on February 4, 2015 at 3:46 PM

Report on Cancer Incidence in Mumbai: Data of Samples Processed Over a Year Analysed
Cancer is a complicated disease with over 200 variants of it being identified globally. With so many advances in the arena of Cancer research, the disease still continues to be associated with a persistent phobia.

The fear primarily arises out of misconceptions and ignorance. Lack of information and awareness is one of the many reasons why people do not approach a doctor at an early stage.
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Many of the Cancers are preventable and curable. More importantly, Cancer responds well to treatment if detected early. Higher incidence of Cancer is especially noted in the head and neck region in men and cervix and breast for women. In order to understand the incidence of Cancer in the metro city, Metropolis analysed data of samples processed over a year.

Below is a brief overview of our findings in Mumbai City

Cancer TypeTotalCancer TypeTotal
Breast214Brain & Nervous System36
Hematolymphoid166Oesophagus29
Lip, oral cavity144Nasopharynx, other pharynx 22
Cervix Uteri 75Thyroid17
Colorectum 73Liver15
Lung69Pancreas13
Stomach67Testis13
Prostate 64Kidney13
Urinary Bladder52Gall bladder8
Ovary43Larynx8
Corpus Uteri40Total1151
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Of over 15,345 samples that were tested at Metropolis Healthcare Ltd, Mumbai for over a year, 1151 samples were found to be positive for cancer.

Findings:

Over 18.59% of samples were in the Breast Category and 14.42% belonged to the Hematolymphoid category. Over 10% of the samples were found positive for Lip and Oral Cavity. Cervix Uteri and Colerectum contributed to 6.5% each.

Commenting on the study, Dr. Kirti Chadha, Divisional Head - Oncology - Group & surgical pathology  -Mumbai, "Some types of cancer can be found before the symptoms start appearing, especially cancers of head and neck, breast and cervix. Every individual needs to be fully aware of their health status and go for regular check-ups. Its time people take a proactive approach to their health".

The WHO points to the fact that by maintaining a healthy weight, regular physical activity, avoiding tobacco usage, adopting good nutrition practices and limiting alcohol consumption can help prevent cancer and maintain general good health.

Screening refers to the use of simple tests across a healthy population in order to identify individuals who have disease, but do not yet have symptoms. Examples include cervical cancer screening using cytology screening methods, including Pap smears. All screening tests are approved only after their effectiveness is demonstrated on a large population.

Some early signs of cancer include lumps, sores that fail to heal, abnormal bleeding, persistent indigestion, and chronic hoarseness. Early diagnosis is particularly relevant for cancers of the breast, cervix, mouth, larynx, colon and rectum, and skin.



Source: Medindia
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