For effective prevention of mosquito-borne diseases the control of mosquitoes' breeding sites is a necessity, a new research finds.
The study evaluated the relationship between the mosquito's presence and habitat variables at a small scale and provides important information for planning effective prevention and control campaigns.
‘The removal of the breeding sites of mosquitoes is an essential step in the control of mosquito-borne diseases.’
When investigators examined mosquito populations on Mallorca Island off the coast of Spain, they found that Ae. Albopictuspresence was negatively associated with altitude, probably due to greater human presence at low altitudes near the coast. Moreover, Ae. albopictus presence was positively associated with the extent of fresh water surface (mainly swimming pools), due to nearby gardens, plants, and freshwater sources
. The researchers combined these two variables to predict the presence of the species on the entire island at a small scale.
"Given the widespread presence of Asian tiger mosquito
on Mallorca Island and its association with human activities, the removal of potential breeding sites by citizen intervention will be essential to improve species control," said lead author Dr. Ana Sanz-Aguilar, of IMEDEA (CSIC-UIB), in Spain.
The study is published in the journal Medical and Veterinary Entomology