Seeing oneself on health scale and having close friends who smoked were associated with smoking behavior in both girls and boys studying in upper secondary vocational schools. The results of this study are published in the journal of Nursing Open.
In the study of 34,776 Finnish 14 to 20-year-old vocational school students who were surveyed in 2013, 37 percent of girls and 36 percent of boys reported smoking daily, 15 percent of girls and 14 percent of boys smoked occasionally, and 15 percent of girls and 13 percent of boys stated that they were ex-smokers. Thirty-three percent of girls and 38 percent of boys were non-smokers.
Having a close friend or friends was associated with smoking among girls and boys. Additionally, bullies and bullies who were also bullying victims were more frequently smokers than students not involved with bullying behavior among boys only. Boys and girls who rated their health as moderate or poor were more often daily smokers; in girls, this was also the case in occasional smokers.