About My Health Careers Internship MedBlogs Contact us

Prenatal Support Groups may Help Pregnant Women With Limited English Speaking Skills

by Dr. Enozia Vakil on November 8, 2013 at 7:33 PM
Font : A-A+

 Prenatal Support Groups may Help Pregnant Women With Limited English Speaking Skills

Pregnant Japanese women far away from family may benefit from prenatal support groups and feel less anxious and face childbirth and motherhood better.

The women, who spoke limited English, were able to connect with peers with similar due dates and cultural backgrounds to discuss such topics as nutrition, labor, breastfeeding and newborn care. A year later, several moms stayed friends and continued to share issues that came up with their babies.


The study, led by Japan native Sahoko Little, M.D., Ph.D., physician in the Family Medicine Department in the U-M Medical School, appears in the Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine. The findings demonstrate how a supportive prenatal group can help optimize pregnancy care for minority populations in a family medicine setting.

"It was very valuable to have a place to talk to people with a similar background going through similar experiences," says participant Mako Hoshino through an interpreter. Hoshino and her husband moved from Japan to Michigan in 2011. "Being in a different country and part of a different culture, these connections help make you feel less isolated and alone."

The new study offers the first known research on how prenatal groups benefit expectant Japanese women. Unlike the prenatal group model it was based on, the U-M Japanese prenatal group program benefits not only first-time moms-to-be but women who already had children in Japan, as pregnancy care between Japan and U.S. are significantly different. In Japan for example, epidural anesthesia is rarely offered and hospital stays tend to be longer after birth.

"Prenatal groups offer all women a strong social support system during what can be a stressful time as they prepare for the uncertainty of childbirth and starting a family - this is particularly true for women who are simultaneously adjusting to life in a new country and also face linguistic and cultural obstacles," says Little, one of four physicians who provides care at the U-M Japanese Family Health Program clinic that offers bilingual physicians, nursing, counseling, parenting education and other approaches to culturally competent care.

"These group visits connected women with shared experiences, allowing them to get the story from each other, not from lectures."

Once a month, six to twelve women meet for the two-hour prenatal group visits that include basic exams documenting weight, uterus size, and the baby's heartbeat. Participants were also able to take each other's blood pressures and take notes in notebooks, encouraging them to take control of their own pregnancy, which follows the Centering Healthcare Institute's Centering Pregnancy model.

Groups also discuss personal goals, nutrition, exercise, pregnancy-related discomfort and relaxation techniques, danger signs and flow of labor and delivery, birth planning, car seat instruction, breastfeeding, baby care and postpartum care. The majority of participants in the study said the atmosphere was relaxed and they found it easy to ask questions and discuss topics freely. Overall depression, anxiety and stress scores were low.

Many women, such as Hoshino and fellow participant Rika Kihara, remained friends, meeting for playdates and continuing to share experiences in the first year of motherhood. On a recent afternoon, Hoshino's son Koita and Kihara's daughter Ayaka played while the women chatted. They said it was helpful to be connected to other Japanese women with similarly-aged children.

Authors say prenatal group visits could also help reinvigorate interest among family physicians to provide birth care, as the numbers of family doctors doing so continues to decline.

"Family medicine offices that provide such novel opportunities may attract more patients while enhancing the experience for both pregnant women and their care providers," Little says. "We hope our experience inspires other family physicians to take advantage of the benefits and fun these group visits can bring."

Source: Newswise

News A-Z
News Category
What's New on Medindia
Breast Cancer Awareness Month 2021 - It's time to RISE
First-Ever Successful Pig-To-Human Kidney Transplantation
World Osteoporosis Day 2021 -
View all

Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

More News on:
Breech Presentation and Delivery Pregnancy and Antenatal Care Pregnancy and Complications Anemia in Pregnancy Iron & Folate Deficiency Anemia In Pregnancy Diet for Anemia in Pregnancy The Magic Feeling of Being A Mother Nocturnal Leg Cramps Stress and Miscarriage 

Recommended Reading
Study Suggests Pregnant Women With Hepatitis C may Pass Heartier Viral Strain to Newborn
Anew study has found that infants who get hepatitis C from their mothers during childbirth may ......
New Dosing Guideline to Treat Bipolar Depression Symptoms in Pregnant Women
First in-depth studies report how physiological changes during pregnancy reduce the effects of a ......
New Test to Predict Pre-Eclampsia Risk in Pregnant Women
Researchers have developed a new blood test that can predict the risk of pre-eclampsia in pregnant ....
Anemia in Pregnancy
Anemia is the commonest blood disorder that may occur in pregnancy and is usually due to low iron or...
Breech Presentation and Delivery
Breech birth or presentation is delivery of the fetus in a bottom or foot-first position. Causes of ...
Diet for Anemia in Pregnancy
A modified diet rich in Folate, Vitamin B12 and Iron is essential for the rapid rise in hemoglobin ....
Iron & Folate Deficiency Anemia In Pregnancy
About 95% of the anemia cases are due to iron deficiency....
Nocturnal Leg Cramps
Nocturnal leg cramps are painful muscle contractions, which occur in the calf, foot or thigh muscles...
Pregnancy and Antenatal Care
What is Antenatal care and its importance during pregnancy for mother and baby, with details on the ...
Pregnancy and Complications
In-depth guide for expecting mothers to overcome health complications related to early or late pregn...
Stress and Miscarriage
New research indicates that too much stress could lead to miscarriage. What are the risk factors to ...
The Magic Feeling of Being A Mother
Selecting the doctor who will help you in your pregnancy is a very personal decision. ...

Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician for medical diagnosis and treatment. Full Disclaimer

© All Rights Reserved 1997 - 2021

This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use