About Careers Internship MedBlog Contact us

Poor Myanmar is Rich in Possession of World's Finest Gems

by Medindia Content Team on October 8, 2007 at 9:43 PM
Poor Myanmar is Rich in Possession of World's Finest Gems

One of the world's poorest countries, Myanmar is also home to a hidden treasure: rubies, sapphires and other gems, among the finest in the world, whose trade is thriving despite the political unrest gripping the country.

"At the jewellers fair in Hong Kong, gems from Myanmar were on display and the buyers and sellers were all there, none of them looking particularly nervous," said Emmanuel Piat, a top figure of the Paris gem trade.


"For the rarest stones, its true prices have shot up but that has nothing to do with Myanmar," he said.

For the past 700 years, the so-called "Valley of Rubies" in the Mogok region of northeast Myanmar, has been mined for "pigeon blood" rubies -- considered the finest in the world -- sapphires and other rare gems.

A top-notch ruby can cost more per-carat than a diamond, making it a must-have accessory for the rich new elites of Asia, Russia and the Middle East who account for the lion's share of custom on the Paris gem scene.

Last year, an 8.62-carat Burmese ruby fetched a record price of 3.7 million dollars (2.6 million euros) or 425,000 dollars per carat at a Christie's auction.

Imperial jade -- emerald-green in colour -- is another Myanmar treasure greatly appreciated by the Chinese, the main customers for the country's gems.

According to Piat, the Myanmar gem market is split between an official sector, half-controlled by the junta for whom it is a major source of income, and the non-official sector, much of which ends up being smuggled to Thailand.

The stones are mined at a huge human cost, with reports of horrific working conditions in Myanmar's ruby mines, whose access is forbidden to outsiders.

Groups of Myanmar exiles have called for a boycott of the gem auctions held by the ruling junta, claiming that the mines rely on forced labour.

There are reports of soaring AIDS infection rates among mine workers due to needle-sharing among heroin addicts and large-scale prostitution, with drugs shipped in by local traffickers, according to the US group Campaign for Burma.

But according to Piat, a US embargo on stones from Myanmar decreed three years ago has been largely ignored, with the notable exception of the iconic New York jeweller Tiffany's.

Piat said the trade in gems -- from Myanmar and elsewhere -- was continuing undisturbed by the troubles in the country.

The Myanmar junta, which two weeks ago killed at least 13 people as it moved to suppress the largest protests in nearly 20 years, turned up the pressure last week to quell the pro-democracy movement.

If the unrest escalates further, "the per-carat price for rubies could still rise considerably in Thailand, where Myanmar exports its finest stones, legally or illegally," he said.

But more likely to drive up prices was a recent Russian deal to start exploiting uranium in the Mogok region -- creating competition with the gem mines for access to Myanmar's mineral-rich soil.

Source: AFP
Font : A-A+



Latest Lifestyle and Wellness News

What Really Happens to Your Skin After Cleansing?
The 'tight' sensation on your face after washing is explained by skin contraction in the outer layer.
Skin Hotspots in Ears & Toes - Safe Haven for Harmful Germs
The skin between the toes and behind the ears can harbor many harmful germs that can cause a variety of skin illnesses.
Work Breaks - Need of the Hour to Counteract Prolonged Sitting
Prolonged sitting among office goers, pose risk of cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, hypertension, and certain types of cancers.
Fear of Garlic Bad Breath? Try Deodorizing Effect of Yogurt
Yogurt's protein and fat content demonstrated its unidentified deodorizing properties against garlic's pungent odor.
Smoking Tobacco and Cannabis Tied to Depression Risk
People who smoke tobacco and cannabis have an increased risk of depression and anxiety than those who use either substance alone or not at all.
View All
This site uses cookies to deliver our services.By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use  Ok, Got it. Close
Greetings! How can I assist you?MediBot

Poor Myanmar is Rich in Possession of World's Finest Gems Personalised Printable Document (PDF)

Please complete this form and we'll send you a personalised information that is requested

You may use this for your own reference or forward it to your friends.

Please use the information prudently. If you are not a medical doctor please remember to consult your healthcare provider as this information is not a substitute for professional advice.

Name *

Email Address *

Country *

Areas of Interests