In England and Wales, people with epilepsy were found to be at an increased risk of dying, especially from suicide and accidents, reveals a new study. Though the risks of dying unnaturally for people with epilespsy are low in absolute terms (0.3-0.5%), they are higher than in people without epilepsy says Dr Hayley Gorton from The University of Manchester.
‘People with epilepsy are three times more likely to die from any unnatural cause than those without epilepsy.’The research conducted at the University of Manchester and Swansea University, and funded by the NIHR, is published in the journal JAMA Neurology.
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The team analysed data from 44,678 people with epilepsy compared to 891,429 persons without epilepsy in England and 14,051 people with epilepsy compared to 279,365 individuals without epilepsy in Wales.
The data shows that compared to people without epilepsy, people with epilepsy are specifically:
- Twice as likely to die by suicide
- Three times more likely to die accidentally
- Five times more likely to die specifically by accidental medication poisoning
- Three and a half times as likely to die by intentional medication poisoning
Antiepileptic drugs were involved in about 10% of poisoning deaths among people with epilepsy.
Dr Gorton said: "Though unnatural death occurs rarely among all groups in the population, people with epilepsy are almost three times more likely to die from any unnatural cause than those without the condition.
"However, the direct causes of these increased mortality risks are not yet fully understood.
Dr Gorton added: "Because of these risks, it's important that people with epilepsy are adequately warned so they can take measures to prevent accidents.
"We urge clinicians to advise their patients about unintentional injury prevention and monitor them for suicidal thoughts and behaviour.
"We would also advise doctors to assess suitability and toxicity of medication when prescribing medicines for other associated conditions to these individuals ."