Researchers at Florida State University have developed a new device, Pacifier Activated lullaby (PAl) which can teach premature babies how to suckle and feed and thereby reduce the amount of time required to stay in the hospital.
The innovative PAl device, which uses musical lullabies to help infants quickly learn the muscle movements needed to suckle, and ultimately feed, is being sold through a partnership with Powers Device Technologies Inc. Research studies have shown that PAl can reduce the length of a premature infant's hospital stay by an average of five days.
"Unlike full-term infants, very premature babies come into the world lacking the neurologic ability to coordinate a suck/swallow/breathe response for oral feeding," said Jayne Standley, professor of music therapy at Florida and inventor of the PAl, according to a Florida statement.
"The longer it takes them to learn this essential skill, the further behind in the growth process they fall. PAl uses musical lullaby reinforcement to speed this process up, helping them feed sooner and leave the hospital sooner," adds Standley.
PAl uses a specially wired pacifier and speaker to provide musical reinforcement every time a baby sucks on it correctly. The musical lullabies are gentle and pleasant to the baby, making them want to continue the sucking motion so they can hear more of the lullaby.
Clinical studies conducted by Standley at Tallahassee Memorial Hospital (TMH), University of Georgia Hospital in Athens, University of North Carolina Medical Intre in Chapel Hill and Women's and Children's Hospital in Baton Rouge, have shown that infants will increase their sucking rates up to 2.5 times more than infants not exposed to the musical reinforcement.
"It's amazing to watch how much quicker our babies are able to learn the sucking motion after they have used PAl," said Terry Stevens, neonatal intensive-care unit (NICU) nurse at TMH.
"They are ready to eat sooner, they go home from the hospital earlier, they tolerate their feedings better; it's just a phenomenal improvement overall," added Stevens.