Findings from a new clinical trial show that giving a supplement to breastfed premature infants after they discharge from the hospital can boost their growth and prevent weight loss in them.
Breast milk alone does not always meet the dietary needs of vulnerable babies, born before 37 weeks, with about half failing to grow properly.
‘The supplement is packed with proteins and calcium, and in combination with breast milk , they help in the growth and weight gain of premature infants.’
According to Luise Marino, clinical academic pediatric dietitian at Southampton Children's Hospital, all babies lose about 10 per cent weight soon after birth, through water loss, the BBC reported.
"They don't have as much fat, minerals or iron, so they need extra nutrients," she said.
The study, published in Archives of Disease in Childhood
, showed eight weeks of extra nutrients led to improvements in a newborns' weight, head growth and length a year later.
Currently, in the UK, breastfed premature babies are given a supplement packed with proteins and minerals, such as calcium, during their stay at neonatal units, Marino said.
The supplements, also known as breast milk fortifier, are mixed with breast milk and given to babies through feeding tubes.
The supplements are stopped, once premature babies are sent home, after they have reached an acceptable weight.
As doctors cannot prescribe them any additional nutrients these babies need are often obtained from formula milk, Marino noted.
For the study, the team looked at effects of giving the supplements to 32 mothers and their babies for eight weeks.
The average weight of babies in the study was 1.3kg at birth, and most were born at about 30 weeks of pregnancy. When they went home, the babies weighed 2.5kg on average.
The supplement sachets can be added to a small amount of expressed breast milk and given to babies by cup or syringe before each breastfeed, the report suggested.
However, larger studies are needed to confirm the findings.