There are more than 55,000 junior doctors in Britain, making up a third of the medical workforce. They are qualified medical practitioners who are working while studying for qualifications to take more senior roles. Tens of thousands of junior doctors in England went on strike Tuesday, January 12, 2016, causing major disruption to hospitals across the country in the first walkout of its kind for 40 years.
The strike is over a new type of contract which the government says will improve healthcare at night and at weekends but medics say would drastically reduce their pay. Doctors are providing only emergency cover during a 24-hour walkout which started at 0800 GMT, meaning that several thousand routine operations have had to be cancelled, along with appointments and tests.
Florence Dalton, 29, a psychiatrist picketing at St. Pancras hospital in central London, said, "The new contract is not fair, it's not safe and from the beginning, we as a profession have been bullied, intimidated and threatened by the Department of Health. Many workers in the state-run National Health Service (NHS) feel exhausted, overstretched and undervalued. Staff are already leaving in their droves. Fewer and fewer people are coming into the profession. It makes me so angry."
On Monday, January 11, 2016, British Prime Minister David Cameron appealed to junior doctors to call off what he said was an unnecessary strike which would cause 'real difficulties' to the NHS. His government says the reforms are needed to help create a 'seven days a week' NHS where the quality of care is as high at the weekends as on weekdays.
The NHS has so far postponed 4,000 routine treatments due to the strike.
A further 48-hour stoppage is due to take place on January 26, 2016, while on February 10, 2016, there will be a full withdrawal of labor from 0800 GMT to 1700 GMT.
The NHS is the fifth largest employer in the world, providing health care which is largely free at the point of delivery.
It is widely respected in Britain, with pollsters YouGov rating it the institution which the most people view positively.