About Careers MedBlog Contact us
Medindia LOGIN REGISTER
Advertisement

Neonatal Opioid Withdrawal in Ontario Increased by 15-fold

by Julia Samuel on February 11, 2015 at 12:04 PM
Font : A-A+

Neonatal Opioid Withdrawal in Ontario Increased by 15-fold

Recent research shows that over 20 years, there is a 15-fold increase in the number of newborns suffering from opioid withdrawal.

Dr.Suzanne Turner, a family physician at St. Michael's Hospital and lead author of the study, used data from the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Studies (ICES) said that majority of those babies were born to women who were legally prescribed an opioid both before and during pregnancy.

Advertisement

The study shows that women prescribed opioids during the 100 days prior to delivery were more likely to undergo a Caesarian section and their babies had longer hospital stays and more outpatient physician visits.

Many of the women shifted from prescription opioids such as codeine or OxyContin to methadone as their due date got closer. Methadone is prescribed in Canada almost exclusively to people addicted to painkillers.
Advertisement

"Our findings suggest that most pregnant women treated with methadone over this time period were addicted to prescription opioids, not illegal drugs such as heroin, which is the common perception," said Dr.Turner.

The incidence of newborn opioid withdrawal, or neonatal abstinence syndrome, grew from 0.28 per 1,000 live births in Ontario in 1992 to 4.29 percent per 1,000 live births in 2011. 1,901 infants were diagnosed with neonatal abstinence syndrome in the final 5years of the study.

53 percent of women who were 100 days before delivery shifted to methadone from other opioids as delivery approached. It was found that those who switched to methadone delivered babies at term and the babies had higher birth weights compared to the mothers who misuse opioids.

Conversely, the number of women prescribed non-methadone opioids dropped from 23 percent at one to two years before delivery to 11 percent in the 100 days before delivery.

Neonatal opioid withdrawal is a treatable condition but it can require care in a neonatal intensive care unit and that can impact mother-child bonding. Dr.Turner said physicians should consider the risk of addiction before prescribing opioids to all patients, especially women of child-bearing age.

Source: Medindia
Advertisement

Advertisement
Advertisement

Recommended Reading

Latest Research News

Why Is Asthma Linked to Increased Risk of Osteoarthritis?
Drugs used to inhibit the physiological responses for allergic reactions lessen osteoarthritis risk, revealed research.
 Experiments on Child Brain Tumour and Muscle Ageing Heading to Space
The International Space Station will be used to carry out experiments seeking to improve understanding of incurable child brain tumors and the muscle aging process.
 Nearly 1 In 5 UK Adults Experience Negative Responses to Sounds
How many people in the UK have misophonia? In a representative sample study, most people had at least some irritation upon hearing trigger sounds.
Why Are 1 in 8 Indians at Risk of Irreversible Blindness
Routine eye-checkups and mass screenings enable early diagnosis and treatment of glaucoma. Late-stage glaucoma diagnosis leads to blindness.
 Blind People Feel Their Heartbeat Better Than Those With Sight
Brain plasticity following blindness leads to superior ability in sensing signals from the heart, which has implications for bodily awareness and emotional processing.
View All
This site uses cookies to deliver our services.By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use  Ok, Got it. Close
×

Neonatal Opioid Withdrawal in Ontario Increased by 15-fold Personalised Printable Document (PDF)

Please complete this form and we'll send you a personalised information that is requested

You may use this for your own reference or forward it to your friends.

Please use the information prudently. If you are not a medical doctor please remember to consult your healthcare provider as this information is not a substitute for professional advice.

Name *

Email Address *

Country *

Areas of Interests