About My Health Careers Internship MedBlogs Contact us
Medindia LOGIN REGISTER
Advertisement

New Vertigo Type Discovered

by Colleen Fleiss on May 25, 2018 at 2:19 AM
Font : A-A+

New Vertigo Type Discovered

Neurologists have identified a new type of vertigo where treatment may be effective. The findings of the study are published in Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

With vertigo, people have episodes of dizziness that can last from minutes to days. Vertigo can be caused by serious conditions, such as tumors, or conditions that are fairly benign, such the inner ear disorder Meniere's disease. But for some people, no cause can be found. "These conditions can be difficult to diagnose and quite debilitating for people, so it's exciting to be able to discover this new diagnosis of a condition that may respond to treatment," said study author Ji-Soo Kim, MD, PhD, of Seoul National University in Seongnam, South Korea.

Advertisement


To diagnose this new condition, the person sits in a dark room and the examiner moves the patient's head forward and then the head is shaken horizontally for about 15 seconds. Then the patient opens his or her eyes and a video recording is taken of eye movements. The neurologists discovered that after the test people with this new condition had eye movements called nystagmus that lasted longer than for other people. The new condition is called recurrent spontaneous vertigo with head-shaking nystagmus. Among 338 people with vertigo with no known cause, 35 had this new condition and were included in the study. The participants had attacks of vertigo ranging from two or three times a week to once a year. They also experienced nausea or vomiting, headaches and intolerance of head motions during the attacks.

The participants were compared to 35 people with other conditions that can cause vertigo, such Meniere's disease, vestibular migraine and vestibular neuritis. The test measured the time constant, or the time that represents the speed with which the reflexive eye movements can respond to change. For those with the new condition, the time constant during the primary phase of the nystagmus was 12 seconds, while it was six seconds for those with Meniere's disease and five seconds for those with vestibular neuritis and vestibular migraine. The neurologists also found that people with the new type of vertigo were more likely to have severe motion sickness than those with other types of vertigo.
Advertisement

A total of 20 of the 35 people with the new type of vertigo who had frequent attacks and severe symptoms were given preventive medication. About one-third of those had partial or complete recovery with the new medication. During the long-term follow-up of an average of 12 years after the first symptoms for 31 participants, five reported no more attacks, 14 said their symptoms had improved and only one said symptoms had gotten worse. Kim said that people with this condition may have a hyperactive mechanism in their vestibular system that helps the brain respond to movement of the body and in the environment. "It's possible that the vertigo occurs when this unstable mechanism is disrupted by factors either within the person's body or in their environment," Kim said.

Source: Eurekalert
Advertisement

Advertisement
News A-Z
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Advertisement
News Category
What's New on Medindia
Woman with Rare Spinal Cord Defect from Birth Sues Doctor
Toothache
World AIDS Day 2021 - End Inequalities, End AIDS
View all

Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

More News on:
Vertigo Otitis Media Acoustic Neuroma Meniere’s Disease Hearing Aids Dizziness Symptom Evaluation Diet For Vertigo Labyrinthitis Vestibular Rehabilitation Therapy Dizziness and Vertigo: Know the Difference 

Recommended Reading
Diet For Vertigo
True vertigo is a severe form of dizziness that is a movement hallucination. Try out some of these ....
Quiz on Vertigo
Have you ever felt that you or everything around you, which is supposed to be stationary, is ......
New Tool to Help Ease Vertigo Symptoms
YouTube videos may help vertigo patients, reveals study published in Neurology....
Vertigo Treatment Via Comparison of 2 Home Exercises
Researcher ailing from benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) and had to 'fix it' before ......
Acoustic Neuroma
Acoustic neuroma is a benign intercranial tumor involving the myelin-forming Schwann cells of the ...
Dizziness and Vertigo: Know the Difference
Dizziness is a feeling of being faint or unsteady whereas Vertigo is a feeling that you or your surr...
Dizziness Symptom Evaluation
The different types of dizziness can be differentiated based on clinical symptoms and tests conducte...
Hearing Aids
Hearing aid is an electronic device that helps people with hearing loss to hear more and communicate...
Labyrinthitis
Learn about the medical condition labyrinthitis which causes debilitating symptoms like vertigo and ...
Meniere’s Disease
Meniere’s disease is a condition of unknown cause in which the patient experiences symptoms of verti...
Otitis Media
Middle ear infection, or otitis media, is a common type of infection that may or may not accompany t...
Vertigo
Vertigo is a common symptom of any disorder of brain or inner ear. It may be accompanied by vomiting...
Vestibular Rehabilitation Therapy
Vestibular rehabilitation therapy is an exercise based program to ease symptoms related to vestibula...

Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician for medical diagnosis and treatment. Full Disclaimer

© All Rights Reserved 1997 - 2021

This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use