by Colleen Fleiss on  July 2, 2020 at 1:52 AM Diabetes News
New Ultrafast Insulin Formulation to Enable Faster Blood Sugar Management Developed
In diabetic pigs, a new, ultrafast insulin formulation was found to enable faster management of blood sugar, revealed study. The formulation, which peaked in as little as 9 minutes, could improve quality-of-life for patients with diabetes by allowing them to more quickly manage their blood sugar levels during mealtimes.

Type 1 diabetes is one of the most common chronic conditions, affecting about 40 million people around the world. Patients with diabetes usually receive routine injections of insulin to control their blood sugar levels, but current insulin formulations suffer from various drawbacks. For example, even fast-acting insulin treatments can take as long as 90 minutes to peak in activity, making them less than ideal for patients who need quick and effective blood sugar control during mealtimes.

Here, Joseph Mann and colleagues designed a faster-acting insulin formulation based on polymer excipients, compounds that maintain the insulin in a less aggregated form that more closely mimics how the hormone is naturally released in the body. The scientists used a high-throughput screen to evaluate various excipients, and integrated the top-performing candidate into an insulin formulation named UFAL.

When injected into pigs with diabetes, the new formulation reached peak activity in 9 minutes - twice as fast as the commercially available insulin formulation Humalog, which peaked in 25 minutes. Furthermore, UFAL was safe in rats and outperformed Humalog and similar rapid-acting insulin analogs in a model that simulates drug activity in humans.

The authors caution that more work is needed to pin down their formulation's activity and safety in people, as pigs show different insulin dynamics compared with humans.

Source: Eurekalert

Most Popular on Medindia