About Careers Internship MedBlog Contact us
Medindia LOGIN REGISTER
Advertisement

New 'Party Pill' Test Could Help Authorities Keep Check on Drug Abuse

by Dr. Trupti Shirole on November 27, 2015 at 11:57 PM
Font : A-A+

 New 'Party Pill' Test Could Help Authorities Keep Check on Drug Abuse

A new class of drugs known as 'new psychoactive substances' has recently hit the clubs. Sold online or in smart shops as 'legal highs', these drugs pose a problem for authorities because they are difficult to analyze and it is tricky to keep up with the speed at which trafficking shifts to new products. There is currently no standard screening test for these drugs.

A new test for club drugs like ketamine can detect low levels of drugs in urine and plasma, making it faster, easier and cheaper to identify them. The authors of the study, published in Journal of Chromatography B, say it could give authorities the boost they need to keep up with trends drug abuse.

Advertisement


Ketamine is traditionally an animal tranquilizer. It causes users to hallucinate. Used as a date rape drug in recent years, ketamine works as a sedative, provides pain relief and causes memory loss. When people with ketamine intoxication attend hospital emergency services, their symptoms can be mistaken easily for alcohol intoxication, resulting in them being given the wrong treatment.

It is vital to develop new tests to detect psychoactive substances, in order to keep up with - and even get ahead of - trends in drug use. The new study describes, for the first time, a fast, simple and fully validated method to detect ketamine in urine and plasma. The research is the result of a collaboration between Universidade da Beira Interior and Instituto Nacional de Medicina Legal e Cincias Forenses in Portugal, and Universidad de Santiago de Compostela in Spain.
Advertisement

Dr. Eugenia Gallardo, lead author of the study from Universidade da Beira Interior in Portugal, said, "These drugs are difficult to analyze - we see a lot of versatility in the molecules and new drugs are appearing almost every month; traffickers are always one step ahead of the authorities. Analytical methods for detecting drugs in biological samples play a decisive role, and their reliability is a matter of great significance in forensic and clinical toxicology."

The new test uses a method called gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (GC-MS/MS), which is often used in drug detection, fire investigation and environmental analysis. The researchers extracted ketamine and the main substance produced when it breaks down, called norketamine, from 0.25mL of urine and plasma samples.

Using the new method, they could detect amounts of the drug as low as 5 nanograms per milliliter. Being able to detect the drug in such small samples at low levels is helpful for forensic labs, since they would be able to run multiple tests on a single sample. What's more, the test only takes around 30 minutes from start to finish, making analysis faster and helping doctors ensure the right treatment is administered.

Dr. Gallardo said, "These low limits of detection and the quite high amounts of the compounds extracted from very small samples make this procedure suitable for laboratories performing routine analysis in the field of forensic toxicology. Compared with existing methods, our new procedure is faster and more cost effective."

Source: Eurekalert
Advertisement

Advertisement
News A-Z
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
What's New on Medindia
Alarming Cesarean Section Trends in India - Convenience or Compulsion of Corporate Healthcare
Quiz on Low-Calorie Diet for Diabetes
World Heart Day in 2022- Use Heart for Every Heart
View all
Recommended Reading
News Archive
Date
Category
Advertisement
News Category

Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

More News on:
Drug Toxicity Cannabis Drug Abuse Screening Test Drug Abuse Signature Drug Toxicity Varicocele Drug Detox Recreational Drugs are not Completely Safe Testicle Pain - Symptom Evaluation Substance Abuse Disorder 

Most Popular on Medindia

Daily Calorie Requirements Selfie Addiction Calculator Blood Donation - Recipients Loram (2 mg) (Lorazepam) Iron Intake Calculator The Essence of Yoga Find a Doctor Turmeric Powder - Health Benefits, Uses & Side Effects A-Z Drug Brands in India Color Blindness Calculator
This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use
×

New 'Party Pill' Test Could Help Authorities Keep Check on Drug Abuse Personalised Printable Document (PDF)

Please complete this form and we'll send you a personalised information that is requested

You may use this for your own reference or forward it to your friends.

Please use the information prudently. If you are not a medical doctor please remember to consult your healthcare provider as this information is not a substitute for professional advice.

Name *

Email Address *

Country *

Areas of Interests