A new engineered insulin for diabetes patients hopes to improve the treatment as insulin is critical to maintain good health and normal blood-sugar levels (BSL), revealed a study conducted at Koch Institute.
Researchers showed that their modified insulin can circulate in the bloodstream for at least 10 hours, and that it responds rapidly to changes in blood-sugar levels. This could eliminate the need for diabetic patients to repeatedly monitor their BSL and inject insulin throughout the day.
Researcher Daniel Anderson, said, "The real challenge was to get the right amount of insulin available when one needs it, because if one has too little insulin their blood sugar goes up, and if one have too much, it can go dangerously low, a condition known as hypoglycemia that can lead to shock and even death."
Anderson said, "Giving this type of insulin once a day instead of long-acting insulin could offer patients a better alternative that reduces their blood-sugar swings, which can cause health problems when they continue for years and decades."