Mothers of autistic children experience serious problems in that their careers are affected as they face greater demands on their time, inflexible workplaces and increased medical costs.
The study, based on a survey of 326 families in Washington and Oregon, found that slightly more than half the women worked fewer hours to accommodate the needs of their child and three out of five had not taken a job because of their child's autism.
To care for the child, one-quarter had taken a leave of absence and nearly as many had not taken a promotion.
In two-parent households, two-thirds of the parents said the mother's work outside the home was most affected by their child's autism.
"We found that negative effects concentrate on the mother," said Dana Baker, lead author with Laurie Drapela of a paper published online this month in the peer-reviewed Social Science Journal.