Researchers conducted a new study with a nationally representative sample of unmarried, childless men and women between the ages of 18 and 32 in the United States. The study participants were asked how they would ideally like to structure their relationship with a future spouse or partner in terms of balancing work and family life.
It was found that when the option is made available to them, majority of the respondents, regardless of gender or education level, opt for a relationship in which they would share earnings and household/care-giving responsibilities equally with their partner. The study also found that if workplace policies that supported work-family balance, such as subsidized child care, were in place, women were likelier to prefer an egalitarian relationship and much less likely to want to be the primary homemaker or caregiver.
Co-author David S. Pedulla said, "The findings offered new insights that may be useful in guiding policymakers and organizations that are interested in reducing gender inequality and improving the work and family lives of young men and women. It also contributed new insights in the context of recent public debates about whether women should lean in and whether they could have it all."
The study appears in the American Sociological Review.