A migraine, a neurological disease is often accompanied by nausea and sensitivity to light and sound. A severe throbbing recurring pain often occurs on one side of the head. In 1/3 of migraine attacks, both the sides are affected, and the condition remains undiagnosed and undertreated in at least 50 percent of patients.
‘Women are more likely to develop migraines than men and a complete elimination of a migraine is seen a year after the procedure.’
About 14 (46.7%) out of 30 patients who had the surgery were found to have a complete elimination of a migraine after a year.
The research team revealed that an equal number of patients were found to have relieved from symptoms a year after the procedure.
The results of the study were published in the Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
revealed that only two (6.6%) patients failed to notice any improvement.
Dr. Anson Jose, the maxillofacial surgeon at Srinagar's military hospital, who led the study said that surgery involves removing few muscles from the forehead or temples that triggers the attacks by compressing neighboring nerve branches.
Surgical treatment of a migraine on trial basis is being carried out abroad, and very few attempts have been made in India.
Dr Ajoy Roychoudhary, professor and head, division of oral maxillofacial surgery at Centre for Dental Education and Research at AIIMS said, "While patients are given botox injections at the trigger site, there is at least a 50 percent reduction in frequency and intensity of pain, surgical removal of these muscles provides long-term relief."
"Bahman Guyuron, a US-based plastic surgeon, observed that many of his patients, who were also suffering from a migraine, reported the significant reduction in a headache," added Dr. Roychoudhary.
He also said that these findings led to the beginning of research in this field. However, surgery might not be a solution for all.
Women are more likely to develop migraines than men. A study published in the journal The BMJ
reveals that women who get migraines are also at risk of developing heart conditions such as heart attacks, strokes and are more likely to die from these conditions than women who did not have migraines.