Prescription drugs like Ritalin, Daytrana, Concerta and Adderall are amphetamines that help people with ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder). Adults who do not have ADHD use these drugs for lifestyle purposes to tackle everyday challenges, like a boost of energy or give them edge at work.
Amphetamines help people with ADHD to improve their memory, focus and control by affecting brain's neurotransmitters.
A new study published in the Lancet points out that millions of adults might be taking ADHD drugs to enhance concentration, motivation, attention, and appetite control. In the long term, researchers caution that little data is "available for the long-term application of these drugs" as cognitive enhancers.
Still, many adults take ADHD medications than people who are actually diagnosed with ADHD. The study's authors say that more research is needed on the health and safety of non-ADHD adults taking these medications. They recognize that current regulations promote research on prescription use to treat a condition.
The researchers hope to study about the impact of ADHD medications on neurotypical brains, on the usage and by whom and why.