Latest UK alcohol strategy incorporates a plan to make sure that General Practitioners (GPs) counsel heavy drinkers to lessen consumption states The Government's Alcohol Strategy on 23 March 2012. There is good evidence that this can reduce how much people drink. The big question is, what should GPs say to their patients?
A new study published online by the scientific journal Addiction analysed the advice given by GPs in all the major clinical trials evaluating this kind of advice, looking for common components linked to the largest reductions in drinking across the different studies.
Among the many different components of the advice, such as providing information on the harms of excessive drinking, trying to boost motivation and self-confidence, and advising on avoidance of social cues for drinking, they found that the most effective piece of advice was to encourage the patient to monitor his or her alcohol consumption, typically by keeping a daily record.