About My Health Careers Internship MedBlogs Contact us
Medindia LOGIN REGISTER
Advertisement

Longterm Use of Prednisone After Kidney Transplant may Cause Grave Side Effects

by Savitha C Muppala on January 29, 2012 at 8:44 PM
Font : A-A+

 Longterm Use of Prednisone After Kidney Transplant may Cause Grave Side Effects

Recent research has suggested discontinuation of the immunosuppressive steroid prednisone after a kidney transplant to avoid grave side effects.

Historically, most kidney transplant patients have taken large doses of the immunosuppressive steroid prednisone to help keep their bodies from rejecting their new organ. Unfortunately, though, prolonged use of high-dose prednisone can cause serious side effects including high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, cataracts, bone loss, increased bone fractures, mood swings, and, in children, growth retardation.

Advertisement

Because of these side effects, numerous recent clinical studies have tested whether it''s safe to use other immunosuppressive drugs and to minimize or eliminate prednisone after a kidney transplant.

Because the majority of these clinical trials followed patients for less than five years, Arthur Matas, MD (University of Minnesota, Minneapolis) and his colleagues conducted a long term, 10-year study that followed 1,241 kidney transplant recipients on a treatment regimen that included rapid discontinuation of prednisone (within five days of transplantation). The study included 791 patients who received kidneys from live donors and 450 who received kidneys from deceased donors.
Advertisement

Among the major findings after 10 years:
- 71% of patients who received kidneys from living donors and 62% of those who received kidneys from deceased donors survived.
- 61% of kidneys from living donors and 51% of kidneys from deceased donors survived.
- Early organ rejection rates were 25% and 31% for deceased and living donor kidneys respectively.
- Chronic organ rejection rates were 39% and 47% for deceased and living donor kidneys respectively.
- The incidence rates of new-onset diabetes and several other complications were significantly lower than rates typically seen in transplant patients on prednisone.

These findings indicate that the long-term patient and kidney survival rates are similar for transplant recipients who quickly stop taking prednisone and recipients who continue to take it (based on national averages). Importantly, rapid prednisone discontinuation significantly reduced the rate of steroid-related side effects. However, this was not a randomized trial so additional studies are needed.

"Because prednisone use is associated with numerous side effects, transplant recipients say it is the drug they would most like to avoid. Our data suggest that long-term prednisone may not be necessary after a kidney transplant," said Dr. Matas. "About 30% of new kidney transplants in the United States are now done with a protocol similar to ours," he added.

Study co-authors include Michael Rizzari, MD (University of Minnesota, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center); Thomas Suszynski, Kristen Gillingham, PhD, Ty Dunn, MD, Hassan Ibrahim, MD, William Payne, MD, Srinath Chinnakotla, MD, Erik Finger, MD, PhD, David Sutherland, MD, PhD, Raja Kandaswamy, MD, John Najarian, MD, Timothy Pruett, MD, Aleksandra Kukla, MD, and Richard Spong, MD (University of Minnesota).

Disclosures: The authors reported no financial disclosures.

The article, entitled "Ten-Year Outcome after Rapid Discontinuation of Prednisone in Adult Primary Kidney Transplantation," will appear online at http://http://cjasn.asnjournals.org/ on January 26, 2012, doi: 10.2215/CJN.08630811.

The content of this article does not reflect the views or opinions of The American Society of Nephrology (ASN). Responsibility for the information and views expressed therein lies entirely with the author(s). ASN does not offer medical advice. All content in ASN publications is for informational purposes only, and is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, drug interactions, or adverse effects. This content should not be used during a medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. Please consult your doctor or other qualified health care provider if you have any questions about a medical condition, or before taking any drug, changing your diet or commencing or discontinuing any course of treatment. Do not ignore or delay obtaining professional medical advice because of information accessed through ASN. Call 911 or your doctor for all medical emergencies.

Founded in 1966, and with more than 13,500 members, the American Society of Nephrology (ASN) leads the fight against kidney disease by educating health professionals, sharing new knowledge, advancing research, and advocating the highest quality care for patients.

# # #





Source: Newswise
Advertisement

Advertisement
News A-Z
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Advertisement
News Category
What's New on Medindia
January is the Thyroid Awareness Month in 2022
Menstrual Disorders
Coffee May Help You Fight Endometrial Cancer
View all

Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

More News on:
Urinary Stones In Children Vesico-Ureteric Reflux Causing UTI in Children Hydronephrosis / Antenatal Counseling Kidney Disease Kidney Kidney Health Stones in Urinary Tract Renal Tubular Acidosis Transplantation Paired Donor Exchange Kidney Transplantation 

Recommended Reading
Anabolic Steroids
Anabolic steroids can produce power- packed, adrenaline - pumping performances but they also ......
Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis is a bone disease that leads to an increased risk of fractures. The bone mass is ......
Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis is a bone disease that leads to an increased risk of fractures. The bone mass is ......
Allergic Rhinitis
Allergic rhinitis (AR) causes a collection of symptoms, mostly in the nose and eyes and occurs when ...
Hydronephrosis / Antenatal Counseling
Currently most pregnant women undergo one or two ultrasound scans during their pregnancy....
Paired Donor Exchange Kidney Transplantation
Paired donor exchange kidney transplantation is a process in which unrelated kidney donors are match...
Renal Tubular Acidosis
Renal tubular acidosis/RTA results in acid content of the blood being higher than normal and that of...
Stones in Urinary Tract
Ask people who have suffered from urinary stones and they will tell you how excruciating the pain ca...
Transplantation
Organ and tissue transplantation can give a second chance at life to thousands of people. Learn more...
Urinary Stones In Children
There is a wide misconception that only adults develop stones. On the contrary kidney stones are ver...
Vesico-Ureteric Reflux Causing UTI in Children
Bacterial infection of urinary bladder can cause pain and burning sensation while passing urine. Abn...

Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician for medical diagnosis and treatment. Full Disclaimer

© All Rights Reserved 1997 - 2022

This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use
open close
CONSULT A DOCTOR
I have read and I do accept terms of use - Telemedicine

Advantage Medindia: FREE subscription for 'Personalised Health & Wellness website with consultation' (Value Rs.300/-)