Anthony Fauci, director of NIH's National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, will receive the award for his work with the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief. Fauci also will be recognized for his work to address biological hazards, according to the Times. Fauci is credited with urging President Bush to create PEPFAR, Long Island Newsday reports.
In addition, Ralph Steinman of Rockefeller University will be recognized for discovering dendritic cells, which can adjust the body's immune system by stimulating different CD4+ T cells. Steinman and colleagues found that dendritic cells allow HIV to transmit to the lymph nodes, helping to spread the virus rather than kill it, the Times reports.
According to the AP/Google.com, dendritic cells are being studied to determine whether they can prompt the immune system to attack HIV and other diseases.
Alain Carpentier of the Georges Pompidou hospital in Paris and Albert Starr of the Providence Health System in Portland, Ore., also will receive the award for their work in developing mechanical heart valves. Fauci and Steinman each will receive $150,000, and Carpentier and Starr each will receive $75,000, the Times reports. The awards will be presented in New York on Sept. 28, the AP/Google.com reports.
Source: Kaiser Family Foundation