- Baby Ram, is the smallest baby at 6.5 kgs in Maharashtra to undergo a liver transplant after being diagnosed with biliary atresia.
- Dr. Darius F Mirza with his team of surgeons performed the risky liver transplant on the critically ill one-year-old baby.
- The liver transplant was entirely funded by charitable donations, CSR grant from the hospital management and crowd-funding initiatives.
Baby Ram was
diagnosed with a rare congenital condition called biliary
atresia, the disease was later found to have progressed to advanced
liver cirrhosis within months of his birth. In this rare condition,
the baby's common bile duct (a duct between the liver and the small
intestine) is blocked or absent.
Dr. Darius F Mirza and his team of surgeons at the Apollo Hospitals, Navi Mumbai performed a liver transplant on the critically ill one-year-old baby in February, 2018. He is by far the smallest baby at 6.5 kg to have undergone a liver transplant in Maharashtra. The baby's donor was his loving aunt - Divya who donated a part of her liver.
Early surgical intervention- Kasai portoenterostomy (KPE) surgery is critical to prevent irreversible damage. However, in baby Ram's case the irreversible damage was already done, the liver failed to respond, and hence a liver transplant was the only surgical option left.
Dr. Darius F Mirza, Head, Liver Transplant, Apollo Hospitals, Navi Mumbai spoke to Medindia exclusively about the biliary atresia and Ram's liver transplant operation.
Q: In what state had the baby Ram come to you?
Ans: Baby Ram was quite jaundiced, malnourished and weak when he came to see us. He was also suffering from multiple infections.
Q: Is Kasai portoenterostomy (KPE) surgery which is considered to be the first-line treatment for biliary atresia - not applicable for baby Ram?
Ans: Ram did undergo a Kasai portoenterostomy (KPE). This operation is successful in between 30 and 60 percent of patients. Sadly he was one of the non-responders.
Q: Can you expect a normal growth of the baby?
Ans: Yes, and most of these children experience to catch up growth after their liver transplant.
Q: How long would the baby have survived without the surgery?
Ans: Probably between 3 and 12 months.
Q: Will baby Ram be needing any more surgeries in the future?
Ans: Hopefully not.
Q: Tell us what was the difficult part of the surgery?
Ans: Dealing with the small size and removing the old diseased liver due to the extensive adhesions and dilated blood vessels as a consequence of his previous surgery and advanced liver disease.
Q: Will the baby need a life-time of follow ups?
Q: Do you think there is a need to create a national screening program using stool color cards, as part of standard care in the neonates to raise awareness among young pediatricians and parents?
Ans: The main message is jaundice that persists after birth is abnormal and needs careful investigation. This is completely different from the self-limiting transient jaundice that many small babies experience soon after birth.
Q: Tell us without crowdfunding would this miracle be possible?
Ans: We needed a combination of individual generous donations and the crowd-funding platform, along with a CSR grant from the hospital management, to allow us to achieve successful transplantation.
Improvements in organ transplant techniques have led to greater availability of livers for transplantation in children. In the past, livers of small children would only be preferred for transplants in children, however now revolutionary surgical techniques have allowed the option of "reduced size" or "split liver" transplants. In these "split liver" transplants, a piece of an adult liver can be used for transplantation in a child. Parents or close relatives of the children are eligible for "split liver" transplants in children.
Souls go to heavens; organs don't. So let's all donate our organs and save lives.