Infants need five times more nutrition than adults during the first 1,000 days after birth which, if lacking, may lead to impaired cognition which is irreversible in nature, doctors said.
They said iron is one of the critical elements, not just for production of haemoglobin but also for brain development. It is important for mothers to know that while infants are born with iron stores, their rapid growth rates may not satisfy the need and it becomes essential to supplement through other sources.
‘Indian diets are mainly grain- and plant-based, and while they are high in macronutrients, they are very low in micronutrients like iron, zinc and calcium.’
"Undernourished children catch infections more easily and have a harder time recovering because their immune systems are impaired. Right nutrition introduced early in an infant's diet builds lifelong immunity and good health," said Satish Saluja, Neonatologist at Sir Ganga Ram Hospital.
Saluja said babies need five times more nutrition than adults at this stage. Right nutrition and care during this period goes a long way in determining their development and also their ability to learn and perform in the future.
Government statistics say that as many as 34 births registered in India every minute. The number goes up to 2,062 births per hour and up to 49,481 births per day. A large chunk of the total new borns remain undernourished, largely due to poverty.
The doctors have also urged the mothers of the newborns to have well planned diet, including carbohydrates as a main source of energy.
"Proteins are essential for growth, mother's knowledge of the requirement of micronutrients (vitamins and minerals) is very limited, which needs to be improved," said Saluja.
Medical Sciences say review of feeding patterns reveal that most of the mothers give less than required vitamins and minerals needed for optimum development of children.
Manjari Chandra, Consultant at Nutrition Max Multi Speciality Centre said: "Indian diets are mainly grain- and plant-based, and while they are high in macronutrients, they are very low in micronutrients like iron, zinc and calcium."
"This is a cause for concern because the percentage of these nutrients that need to be met by complementary foods is extremely high," said Chandra.
"There are several approaches which can be taken like supplementing infant's normal diet with ready made vitamins and minerals enriched food, fortifying the standard food and improving dietary plans," added Chandra.