The Indian healthcare delivery system will need an investment of
around USD 245 billion through traditional means to deliver desired outcome in
next two decades, according to a PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC) report.
The report adds that the requirement will be for 3.5 million beds,
3 million doctors and 6 million nurses over a period of 20 years. According to
the report, the investment would not only put fiscal pressure, but, would be
difficult to implement considering the nature and scale of new additions.
For instance, over the last decade roughly 100,000 hospital beds
have been added annually. If India continues to maintain this rate, it will
fall short of the winning leap target by 1.6 million beds by 2034.
It further said the ratio of doctors per 1,000 people is just 0.6
while in Brazil and China it is 1.8. India has only 1.3 hospital beds per 1,000
people-significantly lower than the guideline of 3.5 beds defined by World
Health Organisation. Several factors have resulted in poor health outcomes such
as low life expectancy, high infant and maternal mortality rates.
To bring about a winning leap in healthcare, India must increase
life expectancy at birth from 66 years in 2012 to 71 years by 2024 and to 80
years by 2034. By adopting non-traditional solutions, infant mortality rate
(number of infant deaths per 1000 live births), could decrease from 44 to 31 in
2024 and to 12 in 2034. Similarly, the maternal mortality rate (number of
maternal deaths per 100,000 live births), which is at 190 today, could decrease
to 124 in 2024 to 27 in 2034.