According to him, climatic conditions and high population are the main reasons for prevailing infectious diseases in the country.
"India is important in regards to the study of microbiology for two reasons. One, it is exposed to all forms of infection and diseases that are prevalent in the third world. Secondly, it also has to face a new form of infectious diseases, found in highly technologically developed countries," Sansonetti said.
The microbiologist is researching on several aspects of the pathogenesis of Shigella- an invasive bacterial pathogen that disrupts, invades and causes destruction of the human clonic mucosa.
He also has over 500 published papers in peer-reviewed journals and is member of the French Academy of Sciences, US National Academy of Science and the Royal Society.
"You can find infectious diseases in India that are similar in Southeast Asia and some parts of Africa like the acute respiratory diseases in young children. Again, there are microbes that circulate in hospital. That is another form of infection," he said.
"In 2010, French Academy of Science and Indian Academy of Science, discussed new forms of diseases. We have to teach each other about this. All this is important in terms of microbiology," he added.
Sansonetti will deliver lectures in New Delhi, Kolkata and Bangalore on microbiology starting January 12 to 16, which will be a part of the College de France Lecture Series in India from this year.