About My Health Careers Internship MedBlogs Contact us
Medindia LOGIN REGISTER
Advertisement

India Has Well-established Livestock Genebanks - CGIAR Report

by Jayashree on September 4, 2007 at 1:05 PM
Font : A-A+

India Has Well-established  Livestock Genebanks - CGIAR Report

India is among the select group of countries with well-established livestock genebanks, scientists from the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) have said.

"In the US, Europe, China, India, and South America, there are well-established genebanks actively preserving regional livestock diversity," said Carlos Seré, Director General of the Nairobi based International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI).

Advertisement

Seré cited a UN FAO report that said that over-reliance on just a few breeds of a handful of farm animal species, such as high-milk yielding Holstein-Friesian cows, egg laying White Leghorn chickens, and fast-growing Large White pigs, was causing the loss of an average of one livestock breed every month.

Many breeds of African, Asian and Latin American livestock are at risk of extinction, he said.

The report, "The State of the World's Animal Genetic Resources," surveyed farm animals in 169 countries and found that an astonishing 90 percent of cattle in industrialized countries came from only six very tightly defined breeds.
Advertisement

The black-and-white Holstein-Friesian dairy cow, for example, was found in 128 countries and in all regions of the world, the report said.

Seré said there was an urgent need to rapidly establish genebanks to conserve the sperm and ovaries of key animals critical for the global population's future survival.

"Valuable breeds are disappearing at an alarming rate. In many cases we will not even know the true value of an existing breed until it's already gone. This is why we need to act now to conserve what's left by putting them in genebanks," said Seré.

Seré said a genebank in Africa should be established on a priority basis as one of four practical steps to better characterize, use, and conserve the genetic basis of farm animals for the livestock production systems around the world.

"Sadly, Africa has been left wanting and that absence is sorely felt right now because this is one of the regions with the richest remaining diversity and is likely to be a hotspot of breed losses in this century," said Seré.

"This is a major step in the right direction. The international community is beginning to appreciate the seriousness of this loss of livestock genetic diversity. FAO is leading inter-governmental processes to better manage these resources," he said.

"These negotiations will take time to bear fruit. Meanwhile, some activities can be started now to help save breeds that are most at risk," he added.

The report was presented at the First International Technical Conference on Animal Genetic Resources, being held in Interlaken, Switzerland, from September 3-7, 2007.

Source: ANI
JAY/C
Advertisement

Advertisement
News A-Z
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Advertisement
News Category
What's New on Medindia
January is the Thyroid Awareness Month in 2022
Menstrual Disorders
Coffee May Help You Fight Endometrial Cancer
View all

Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

More News on:
Iodine Deficiency Disorder 
Recommended Reading
Iodine Deficiency Disorder
To control IDD, the ‘National Goiter Control Program (NGCP)’ was launched which was later renamed as...

Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician for medical diagnosis and treatment. Full Disclaimer

© All Rights Reserved 1997 - 2022

This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use
open close
CONSULT A DOCTOR
I have read and I do accept terms of use - Telemedicine

Advantage Medindia: FREE subscription for 'Personalised Health & Wellness website with consultation' (Value Rs.300/-)