A report by the 'Janasankhya Sthirta Kosh' (National Population Stabilization Fund) under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has said that the rapidly increasing population in India has witnessed a five-fold increase over the last 100 years and is expected to surpass China's population by 2050.
The Government projections showed that while India's population grew by 1.4 percent over the last five years, China witnessed only a 0.6 percent population growth for the same period.
In 2009, India's total population was 119.8 crore, China's 134.5 crore and Pakistan's 18 crore.
Out of this, Uttar Pradesh will have a share of 22 percent, Bihar eight percent, Uttarakhand one percent, the four southern states 13 percent and Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan 7 percent each.
Talking about aspects of family planning, which have been initiated over the years, the report says the rate of sterilisation was the highest in Chhattisgarh at 74 percent, while in Jharkhand 68 percent had been achieved.
The high infant mortality rate, which leads to demand for more children, has been held responsible for population growth as per the report.