Pedometer-based walking interventions can offer long-term health benefits in older adults by decreasing their risk of heart attacks, strokes, and cardiovascular events, reveals a new study. The findings of the study are published in the journal PLOS Medicine. Tess Harris and colleagues from the St George's University of London, UK and other institutions, conducted two trials of walking interventions which aimed to increase step count and physical activity. Not only did the investigators see sustained increases in physical activity at 3-4 years in the intervention group participants, but they also noted fewer cardiovascular events and fractures. Physical activity has been shown to be protective for many health conditions, and inactivity is a key risk factor contributing to the global burden of disease. ‘Short-term walking interventions can offer long-term health benefits and should be more broadly used to help address the public health inactivity challenge.’Read More.. However, long-term follow-up of physical activity trials is lacking. Here, two randomized controlled trials of 12-week pedometer-based walking interventions in primary care were followed up with long-term data from primary health records at four years. The team studied data from 1297 participants of the PACE-UP and PACE-Lift trials. People in the intervention arms were less likely to have a cardiovascular event (Hazard Ratio 0.34, 95% CI 0.12-0.91, p = 0.03) or a fracture (HR 0.56, 95% CI 0.35-0.90, p = 0.02) than those in the control arms. No differences were seen in the incidence of diabetes or depression in people in the intervention as compared with those in the control arms. Based on these observations, about 61 people would need to receive the walking intervention to prevent one cardiovascular event and 28 people to prevent one fracture. Although the rates of adverse health events were low in this study and were restricted to only those recorded in primary care records, under-recording would not have differed by intervention status, so should not have led to bias. The authors note that "short-term walking interventions can produce long-term health benefits and should be more widely used to help address the public health inactivity challenge."Source: Eurekalert << Why Disturbed Sleep Affects More Than Your Alertness? Tech vs Traditional Toys: Which are Best for Your Children? >> Recommended Reading Top 4 Trends in Walking for Health Busy from Monday to Friday? Don't find time or space to walk? Here are some interesting places to walk even in crowded cities, making it more fun and healthy. READ MORE Walking for Fitness and Weight Loss A few extra steps a day are enough to keep you fit. READ MORE Who Else Wants to Know How Walking Helps Heart and Brain? Walking early morning would improve your health as it helps heart and brain to function properly. Find more about its benefits for your body. READ MORE Your Walking Pace May Now Predict Your Risk For Heart Disease Scientists have established slower walking speed as a new tool to measure risk of cardiovascular mortality or heart disease. READ MORE Body Types and Befitting Workouts Workout and diet which is well suited for a pear shaped body. READ MORE Health Insurance - India Health insurance has emerged as one of the fastest growing segments in the non-life insurance industry with 30% growth in 2010-11 with annual premium collections being over Rs 6,000 crores. READ MORE Walking As An Exercise People walk for many reasons ranging from pleasure to mental relaxation, finding solitude or for exercise. READ MORE Most Popular on Medindia Diaphragmatic Hernia Daily Calorie Requirements Drug - Food Interactions More News on: Body Types and Befitting WorkoutsWalking for Fitness and Weight LossWalking As An ExerciseHealth Insurance - IndiaWho Else Wants to Know How Walking Helps Heart and Brain?