Improper sleep may affect patients with chronic kidney diseases, as their health-related quality of life (HRQOL) may get reduced in this process, finds a new study. Of all the patients who develop end-stage kidney failure in India, only 10% to 15% get proper treatment. About 6000 undergo a kidney transplant, 60,000 undergo hemodialysis, and another 6000 prefer to take peritoneal dialysis in a year. Rest of around six-lakh people die for want of renal replacement therapy. Sleep of adequate quantity and quality is essential for homeostatic regulation, and excess sleep is associated with metabolic diseases such as obesity, diabetes, and hypertension, all of which are risk factors of CKD.
‘An adequate amount of sleep is essential for homeostatic regulation (body’s ability to control internal environment), while sometimes excess sleep has also been said to harm the Kidney disease patients by causing obesity, diabetes or hypertension.’Speaking about this, Padma Shri Awardee Dr. K K Aggarwal, President, Heart Care Foundation of India, said, “CKD is characterized by a gradual loss of kidney function over time and may eventually lead to kidney failure, leading patients to undergo dialysis or a kidney transplant. The signs and symptoms are not noticeable until the disease is fairly well advanced, and the condition has become severe. By this time, most of the damage is irreversible. At an advanced stage of CKD, dangerous levels of fluid, electrolytes, and wastes can build up in the body. Those with underlying conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, abnormal kidney structure, and a family history of the disease are at more risk. Additionally, those who smoke and are obese can also be potential candidates for CKD over the longer term.”
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Some symptoms of this condition include nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, fatigue, and weakness, sleep problems, decreased mental sharpness, muscle twitches and cramps, edema, persistent itching, chest pain, shortness of breath, and hypertension.
Adding further, Dr. Aggarwal, who is also the Group Editor of IJCP, said, “Some key measures to keep kidney diseases at bay is to monitor and treat conditions and diseases like obesity and Dyslipidemia, respectively. If blood pressure and blood sugar can be kept under control, more than 50% of CKD can be prevented.”
Some tips from HCFI.
- Keep fit and active; it helps reduce your blood pressure and on the move for kidney health.
- Keep regular control of your blood sugar level as about half of people who have diabetes develop kidney damage.
- Monitor your blood pressure. It is also the most common cause of kidney damage. The normal blood pressure level is 120/80. Between this level and 129/89, you are considered prehypertensive and should adopt lifestyle and dietary changes.
- Eat healthily and keep your weight in check as this can help prevent diabetes, heart disease and other conditions associated with CKD. Reduce your salt intake. The recommended sodium intake is 5 to 6 grams of salt per day. In order to reduce your salt intake, try and limit the amount of processed and restaurant food.
- Maintain a healthy fluid intake. Traditional wisdom has long suggested drinking 1.5 to 2 liters (3 to 4 pints) of water per day. Consuming plenty of fluid helps the kidneys clear sodium, urea and toxins from the body which, in turn, results in a “significantly lower risk” of developing CKD.
- Do not smoke as it slows the flow of blood to the kidneys. Smoking also increases the risk of kidney cancer by about 50%.
- Do not take over-the-counter pills on a regular basis: drugs like ibuprofen are known to cause kidney damage and disease if taken regularly.