About Careers MedBlog Contact us
Medindia LOGIN REGISTER
Advertisement

Immune System of Bats Sparkles Key Insights on Disease Prevention in Humans

by Reshma Anand on February 23, 2016 at 1:00 PM
Font : A-A+

Immune System of Bats Sparkles Key Insights on Disease Prevention in Humans

As humans are falling prey to some of the deadly viral outbreaks like Ebola, Hendra Virus, MERS, bats remain immune to these diseases even though they carry hundreds of viruses. This unique behavior has raised curiosity among a team of researchers who examined the reason for this species immunity.

A team of CSIRO researchers has analyzed the genome of bats to know how these species remain immune to some deadly virus in the world. Their findings were published in the Journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Advertisement


The human immune system comprises of 12 types of interferon, of which the Type I interferon is widely explored because of its role in fighting foreign agents invading the body. These signaling proteins are only activated when the human body is infected.

But the first bat genome sequencing by the team revealed that bats have only three types of interferon and the Type I interferon remains active all the time, no matter if the host is infected or not. This unique mechanism wards off deadly viruses in bats and makes it remain immune to several conditions.
Advertisement

The authors are still studying whether this mechanism can be triggered in humans and are hopeful that this could help in preventing deadly viral infections in humans.

"If we can redirect other species' immune responses to behave in a similar manner to that of bats, then the high death rate associated with diseases, such as Ebola, could be a thing of the past," Dr. Baker said.

Reference: Michelle L. Baker, Peng Zhou et al. Contraction of the type I IFN locus and unusual constitutive expression of IFN-α in bats, PNAS, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1518240113

Source: Medindia
Advertisement

Advertisement
News A-Z
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
What's New on Medindia
Test  Your Knowledge on Heart
Test Your Knowlege on Genes
Obesity in Teens Make Inroads into Early Atrial Fibrillation
View all
Recommended Reading
News Archive
Date
Category
Advertisement
News Category

Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

More News on:
Immunisation Myasthenia Gravis Cytokines - Part of Body's Defence System 

Most Popular on Medindia

Hearing Loss Calculator Selfie Addiction Calculator Post-Nasal Drip Find a Doctor Color Blindness Calculator Turmeric Powder - Health Benefits, Uses & Side Effects Find a Hospital Noscaphene (Noscapine) Accident and Trauma Care Drug - Food Interactions
This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use
×

Immune System of Bats Sparkles Key Insights on Disease Prevention in Humans Personalised Printable Document (PDF)

Please complete this form and we'll send you a personalised information that is requested

You may use this for your own reference or forward it to your friends.

Please use the information prudently. If you are not a medical doctor please remember to consult your healthcare provider as this information is not a substitute for professional advice.

Name *

Email Address *

Country *

Areas of Interests