About My Health Careers Internship MedBlogs Contact us
Medindia LOGIN REGISTER
Advertisement

ID段ng Flu Viruses may Help Us Catch the Next Pandemic Before It Spreads

by Anjali Aryamvally on February 1, 2018 at 11:22 AM
Font : A-A+

ID段ng Flu Viruses may Help Us Catch the Next Pandemic Before It Spreads

Detection of a potential pandemic may now be possible with a research team from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis offering details about flu viruses that could help improve surveillance and possibly contain these pandemics.

Published in Nature Communications, the study identified features of the influenza virus genome that affect how well the virus multiplies. These features are similar but not identical across viral strains. It's possible that the extent of similarity between strains influences whether two flu viruses can mix their genetic material to make a hybrid virus with the potential to explode into pandemic flu.

Advertisement


Pandemic flu occurs when flu strains from different species - birds and humans, or humans and pigs - genetically mix to make a new virus that spreads faster and makes people sicker than either strain alone. Public health authorities monitor places where people live in close contact with animals for the first signs of new pandemic viruses.

"We think that two strains need to have similar features in their genome to re-assort and make a new virus," said senior author Jacco Boon, PhD, an assistant professor of medicine at Washington University. "We hope that in the future, this work will allow us to focus on certain strains of influenza virus and target our surveillance more narrowly so we have a better chance of identifying the next pandemic flu before it spreads."
Advertisement

Flu viruses multiply by infecting cells and hijacking the cell's machinery to mass-produce copies of the virus's genome and proteins, which are then bundled into new viruses. Influenza virus's genome is broken into eight parcels of RNA, a molecule similar to DNA. When a cell is infected with two or more flu strains at once, the genetic parcels from the different strains tend to get mixed up. The result is often a new influenza strain born with genetic information from multiple parental strains.

Boon and first author Graham Williams, PhD, now a postdoctoral researcher at Duke University, with the help of Sebla Kutluay, PhD, an assistant professor of molecular microbiology, found that parts of the virus's RNA genome fold like origami into specific 3-D shapes and that these shapes are necessary for the virus to multiply. When they mutated the genome to change the shapes, the viruses did not reproduce well. "Silent" mutations that left the shapes intact, on the other hand, did not affect multiplication.

There are thousands of different flu viruses in the world, each differing slightly in their genetic sequence and, most likely, the shapes into which their RNA folds. Flu viruses whose genomes form very different 3-D structures may not be able to recombine into a new strain.

"Right now we do surveillance on pretty much everything," said Boon, who is also an assistant professor of molecular microbiology, and of pathology and immunology. "But if we know that the viruses from a certain species or a certain region just don't have the right RNA features, then we can make surveilling them a lower priority. If we can focus our resources more effectively, we may be able to catch the next pandemic flu before it really gets going."



Source: Eurekalert
Advertisement

Advertisement
News A-Z
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Advertisement
News Category
What's New on Medindia
Turmeric: Magic Ingredient to Keep you Healthy in Winter
Top 7 Benefits of Good Oral Hygiene
Healthy and Safer Thanksgiving 2021
View all

Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

More News on:
Swine Flu 

Recommended Reading
Bird Flu
Bird flu (avian influenza/avian flu) is a disease caused by an influenza virus (H5N1) that ......
Any Chance of Parkinson痴 Disease Becoming Pandemic?
Parkinson's disease may soon outpace Alzheimer's to become a pandemic of vast proportions, says ......
Flu Pandemics More Likely to Emerge in Spring, Early Summer
Infection by one flu virus can provide temporary immune protection against other flu viruses, so ......
Mapping Pandemic Potential May Help Prevent Future Outbreaks
By mapping the greatest vulnerabilities for initial cases to escalate into epidemics, more precise ....
Swine Flu
Swine flu, a type of influenza caused by a new strain of the H1N1 Type A influenza virus has origina...

Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician for medical diagnosis and treatment. Full Disclaimer

© All Rights Reserved 1997 - 2021

This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use