Contamination Of Water And Food Persist and increases the number of death in India.
Several patients are suffering from a rebound of the disease after getting cured from hepatitis E infection. Surujal, who died on Sunday, had tested positive for hepatitis E on November 14. He was discharged from hospital after over a month of treatment.
Another case of Saroja Devi, 25 was pregnant when she passed away, at a hospital in Burla, 14 km from the district headquarters town of Samablpur.
According to government figures, 1,270 people had tested positive for either Hepatitis A or Hepatitis E, both of which spread through contaminated water.
Arti Ahuja, chief secretary, health secretary said that the number of new cases for viral jaundice has gone down from 50% to 30% already and precautionary measures are being taken. Also, patients were being provided with free diagnosis and treatment at VSS Medical College and Hospital, Burla, and the district headquarters hospital.
Sambalpur municipal authorities are conducting regular checks on street foods to prevent consumption of contaminated food by people. The public health engineering organization (PHEO) has been taking steps to provide safe drinking water since contaminated water was causing the disease. Tube wells are being repaired and disinfected, she said.
Chief District Medical Officer J.K. Samantaray said, "The spread of the disease in the town with nearly 2lakh population is due to filthy drainage system and damaged water supply pipelines. The water meant for drinking was contaminated because of the leakages in the rusty supply pipelines."
The Mahanadi river which supplies water to the city has been heavily polluted as huge quantities of sewage water and solid waste is discharged into it. "At least 40 percent of the city residents defecate in open. More than 10,000 people defecate every day on the banks of the river," said, Ranjan Panda, NGO convenor, Water Initiatives Odisha (WIO).
Accredited social health activists (ASHAs) and anganwadi workers are creating awareness on boiling drinking water, washing hands before taking meals and personal hygiene by a door to door visit.