Insomnia the inability to fall asleep or stay asleep at night disrupts the child's natural sleep pattern will resolve on its own if not can result in depression and anxiety disorders in the future.
A 15-year longitudinal study in journal sleep shows that childhood insomnia symptoms that persist into adulthood are strong determinants of mood and anxiety disorders in young adults.
the study analysed 700 children with a median age of 9 years from the Penn State following them up to adolescents defining insomnia as moderate-to-severe difficulties initiating or maintaining sleep.
The presence of internalizing disorders is defined as a self-report of a diagnosis or treatment for mood and/or anxiety disorders and results were adjusted for sex, race/ethnicity, age, and any prior history of internalizing disorders or use of medications for mental health problems.
Results show that insomnia symptoms persisting from childhood through adolescence and into adulthood were associated with a 2.8-fold increased risk of internalizing disorders; newly developed Insomnia symptoms were associated with a 1.9-fold increased risk of internalizing disorders and no increased risk of internalizing disorders in children with remitted insomnia symptoms.
These findings indicate that early sleep interventions can prevent future mental health problems in children with persistent insomnia symptoms.