About My Health Careers Internship MedBlogs Contact us
Medindia LOGIN REGISTER
Advertisement

Homeless People are at Higher Risk for Traumatic Brain Injury

by Bidita Debnath on March 24, 2013 at 6:16 PM
Font : A-A+

Homeless People are at Higher Risk for Traumatic Brain Injury

A new study has found that homeless people and their health care providers need to know more about traumatic brain injuries to help prevent and treat such injuries.

Homeless people have a disproportionately higher risk for TBI compared to the general population, yet little is known about the severity of those injuries, who exactly is suffering from them and what the long-term consequences are.

Advertisement

"A better understanding of TBI, its presentation and characteristics in the homeless is vital in order to enable appropriate interventions, treatments, and case management in the improvement of outcomes for this important segment of the population," said Dr. Jane Topolovec-Vranic, a clinical researcher in the Trauma and Neurosurgery Program at St. Michael's Hospital.

"Reducing the prevalence of homelessness and the incidence of injury and illness among people who are homeless would have significant financial, societal and individual implications."
Advertisement

Recent research has identified high rates of TBI among homeless people, but there has been no detailed review of existing data. Dr. Topolovec-Vranic and her colleagues in the Head Injury Clinic at St. Michael's Hospital reviewed all the recent scientific studies on homelessness and traumatic brain injuries to identify the gaps in knowledge and suggest areas of future research. Their findings were published recently in the journal BMC Public Health.

As many as one in nine Canadians have experienced homelessness or come close to it. Previous research has found that homeless people often suffer from serious health conditions, use the most expensive medical interventions such as emergency rooms, require longer hospital stays than people with homes and are at increased risk of death.

The studies Dr. Topolovec-Vranic and her team reviewed found that anywhere between 8 and 53 per cent of homeless people-mostly men--have traumatic brain injuries. The majority suffered a TBI before becoming homeless, suggesting TBI might be a risk factor for homelessness. It's also possible that impulse control disorders, for example, could predispose individuals to both TBI and homelessness, she said.

Traumatic brain injuries are caused by a blow or jolt to the head or a penetrating head injury that disrupts the function of the brain. The severity can range from mild, characterized by a brief change in mental status, to severe, which could include unconsciousness or amnesia. TBI is associated with low subsequent employment rates, which can contribute to a downward spiral into homelessness.

"It is also suggested that in the homeless population, cognitive impairment may increase the risk of remaining homeless, illustrating the potential for TBIs to contribute to the chronicity of homelessness," Dr. Topolovec-Vranic said.

Source: Eurekalert
Advertisement

Advertisement
News A-Z
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
News Category
What's New on Medindia
Resting Heart Rate
Is COVID-19 Vaccination during Pregnancy Safe?
Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD)
View all

Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

More News on:
Athletes Foot Parkinsons Disease Parkinsons Disease Surgical Treatment Brain Brain Facts Ataxia Language Areas in The Brain Ways to Improve your Intelligence Quotient (IQ) 

Recommended Reading
Increase in Football-related Brain Injuries
Brain injuries associated with football appear to be rising, reveals report....
Parkinsonís Drug may Help People With Severe Brain Injuries
Drug used to treat Parkinson's disease helped speed up some semblance of consciousness among ......
$60 Million Research Program Aims to Combat Traumatic Brain Injuries
In launching a $60 million research program aimed at improving diagnosis and treatment of traumatic ...
Mild Traumatic Brain Injuries can Kill Brain Tissue: Research
Researchers have found that a mild traumatic brain injury playing out in the living brain, prompts ....
Ataxia
Ataxia affects coordination. Gait becomes unstable and the patient loses balance. The cerebellum or ...
Athletes Foot
Athleteís foot (tinea pedis/ringworm of the foot) is a fungal infection of the feet....
Language Areas in The Brain
The mechanism of how human brain processes the language to express and comprehend the verbal, writte...
Parkinsons Disease
Parkinsonís disease is a neurodegenerative disease caused by progressive dopamine brain cells loss. ...
Ways to Improve your Intelligence Quotient (IQ)
Intelligence quotient (IQ) is a psychological measure of human intelligence. Regular physical and me...

Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician for medical diagnosis and treatment. Full Disclaimer

© All Rights Reserved 1997 - 2021

This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use