About My Health Careers Internship MedBlogs Contact us
Medindia LOGIN REGISTER
Advertisement

HIV may Help Prevent Multiple Sclerosis: Study

by Sheela Philomena on August 5, 2014 at 7:56 AM
Font : A-A+

 HIV may Help Prevent Multiple Sclerosis: Study

Infection by the AIDS virus may reduce the risk of multiple sclerosis (MS), says new study.

Patients in England who were infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) were mathematically far less likely to develop MS than the general population they found.

Advertisement

If further work confirms the link, there could be a major advance in the fight against MS, the scientists wrote in the Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry.

MS is a progressive disease of the brain and central nervous system in which the immune system goes haywire, attacking a fatty insulative sheath around nerve fibres.
Advertisement

The symptoms range from numbness and tingling to muscle weakness and spasms, cramps, nausea, depression and memory loss.

In 2011, doctors reported on the case of a 26-year-old Australian man who was diagnosed with MS several months after being confirmed as having HIV.

The sclerosis symptoms disappeared completely after the patient started taking anti-HIV drugs and remained that way throughout the following 12 years in which his health was monitored.

This was followed by a Danish study, which tried to see whether antiretroviral drugs may treat or slow progression of MS, but its sample size was too small to throw up a solid conclusion.

In the latest study, a team led by Julian Gold, a professor at the Prince of Wales Hospital in Sydney, Australia, looked at a British databank describing details of hospital treatment in England between 1999 and 2011.

During this time, more than 21,000 people who were treated in hospital had HIV.

These were compared against a group of almost 5.3 million people who did not have HIV and who were treated for minor conditions and injuries.

In the HIV group, only seven people developed MS over the ensuing years, far fewer than the 18 that would have otherwise been expected -- a risk reduction of nearly two-thirds.

The authors acknowledged weaknesses in their study -- they had no idea, for instance, whether patients with HIV took antiretroviral drugs to suppress the virus.

They speculated that MS may be dampened because the immune system is brought back under control, although further work is needed to show whether the unexpected benefit comes from the virus or the drugs used to combat it.

"Further investigation of our finding has the potential, after more than 170 years since MS was first described... to reveal the (causes) of MS," they said.

Gold, who is also honorary professor at Queen Mary University in London, is a leader of a pilot study in which 25 MS patients in Britain are being given an antiretroviral called raltegravir (brand name Isentress) to see if the drug affects brain lesions.

Source: AFP
Advertisement

Advertisement
News A-Z
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
News Category
What's New on Medindia
Contraceptive Pills in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) Curtail Type 2 Diabetes Risk
Mushroom May Help Cut Down the Odds of Developing Depression
How to Battle Boredom during COVID
View all

Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

More News on:
Oral Health And AIDS AIDS/HIV AIDS/HIV - Epidemiology AIDS/HIV - Clinical Features AIDS/HIV - Health Education AIDS/HIV - Prevention And Transmission AIDS / HIV - Treatment AIDS/HIV- Lab Tests and Faqs Prostitution: Fresh Stakes in the Oldest Trade HIV Symptom 

Recommended Reading
AIDS/HIV - Health Education
Encyclopedia section of medindia gives general info about AIDS information and health education....
Quiz on HIV / AIDS
Statistics tell us that the world HIV+ population has risen drastically from 8 million in 1990 to a ...
Multiple Sclerosis
Multiple sclerosis can be a severely disabling autoimmune disease that affects the myelin or ......
Cell Therapy for Treating Multiple Sclerosis Closer to Reality: NYSCF Researchers
A cell replacement therapy that can treat multiple sclerosis by using a patient's own cells is ......
AIDS / HIV - Treatment
Encyclopedia section of medindia explains in brief about the treatment for AIDS/HIV...
AIDS/HIV
"AIDS is an epidemic disease, a potentially preventable, deadly infection for which there is no cure...
AIDS/HIV - Clinical Features
Encyclopedia section of medindia gives general info about HIV Clinical Features...
AIDS/HIV - Epidemiology
AIDS or HIV is an epidemic disease, a potentially deadly infection that can be prevented with preca...
AIDS/HIV - Prevention And Transmission
Encyclopedia section of medindia explains in brief about the prevention for AIDS/HIV...
Oral Health And AIDS
AIDS has taken on massive proportions in modern times. It is estimated that over 15 million people a...
Prostitution: Fresh Stakes in the Oldest Trade
Prostitution has broadened its base to include street prostitution, massage brothels, gigolo outcall...

Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician for medical diagnosis and treatment. Full Disclaimer

© All Rights Reserved 1997 - 2021

This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use